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Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements


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IT 346

IT 346 [Treaty 239] is a "true copy" of a Peace and Friendship treaty prepared by Thomas B. Akins, Commissioner of Public Records, Halifax, in September 1886. The original of IT 346 was signed at Boston on December 15, 1725. The 1725 treaty was ratified at Annapolis Royal in 1728 and renewed at Halifax in 1749.

Between 1725 and 1779, a series of Peace and Friendship treaties were negotiated and periodically renewed, with the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Abenaki, and other First Nations inhabiting the Atlantic region (modern New England, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). The Peace and Friendship treaties contained Aboriginal-related provisions and reciprocal government promises. In recent years, because of treaty rights litigation, the Supreme Court of Canada has been active in establishing the contemporary meaning and intent of these treaties.

IT 346 Source


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