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ARCHIVED - Aboriginal Sound Recordings: Music and Song

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The Métis

Who Are the Métis?

The Métis culture originated in the 1600s when French and Scottish fur traders married Aboriginal women, usually Cree, Anishnabe (Ojibway) or Saulteaux. Their descendants formed a distinct culture in the Red River district of what is now Manitoba.

The term "Métis" has come to include any mixture of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry and is defined by self-identification. You are Métis if that is what you believe. Today, Métis live from coast to coast in both Canada and the United States.

The Métis language (Bungi) grew from a mixture of Anishnabe, French, Gaelic and Michif (a blend of French, Cree and English). With new dialects and customs, new music emerged as well.