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Indian Affairs

Aboriginal couple identified as WARCAS AND WIFE, Quatsino, B.C., 1920

Aboriginal couple identified as "Warcas and wife," Quatsino, B.C., 1920
Source ]

On behalf of the Crown, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) carries out a mandate to fulfill treaty obligations to Aboriginal people in Canada and to administer all lands and resources north of the 60th parallel. The Department's administrative core provides direction and support to the Indian and Inuit Affairs Program. Its mandate is based on the Indian Act and various acts and regulations pertaining to the Yukon and the Northwest Territories administered under the Northern Affairs Program.

DIAND is a direct descendant of the Department of the Interior, although some of its functions can be traced back to the British regime. It was established under the Government Organization Act of 1966. Five branches were created within DIAND: Northern Administration (responsible for the Yukon and Northwest Territories and their resources), National and Historic Parks, Indian Affairs (including Inuit affairs), Canadian Wildlife Service, and Resource and Economic Development Group.

Report on operations of the Treaty 9 Commission, RG 10, volume 3034, file 235,225-3, 13 pages
Source ]

Further Research

"Aboriginal Peoples." Library and Archives Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010).

Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds. Library and Archives. Canada.

"History of Departments: Indian Affairs." Parliament of Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010)

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010).