Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

ARCHIVED - The Canadian State
Documents & Dialogue

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Canadian Documents Gallery


Photograph of a standard barn erected for new Jewish farm settlers in Sommerfeld Colony, Oungre, Saskatchewan, 1929

Standard barn erected for new Jewish farm settlers in Sommerfeld Colony, Oungre, Saskatchewan, 1929
Source ]

Prior to Confederation, the Bureau of Agriculture was involved in the work of agricultural societies and in agricultural education, public awareness and research. It was responsible at various times for statistics, the regulation of patents, immigration, public health, and, briefly, the colonization roads program.

With Confederation in 1867, the federal Department of Agriculture was created. Under Section 95 of the British North America Act, the federal and provincial governments were granted shared jurisdiction over agriculture. The post-Confederation Department of Agriculture continued to be assigned numerous responsibilities in addition to those related to agriculture. These included arts and manufactures, archives, immigration, quarantine and public health, the marine and immigrant hospital at Québec, the census and statistics, patents, copyrights, trademarks, and industrial design.

The Department gradually transferred its non-agricultural functions to other federal institutions. Thus, its mandate increasingly came to reflect purely agricultural concerns. Its name was changed in 1994 to the Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food.

Annual report of W.S. Harding, Saint John, RG 17, volume 357, file 38241-38270, 11 pages
Source ]

Further Research

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010).

The Canadian West. Library and Archives Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010).

Department of Agriculture fonds. Library and Archives Canada. fuseaction=genitem.displayItem?=eng&rec_nbr=32&rec_nbr_list=32

"History of Departments: Agriculture." Parliament of Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010)