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From 1861 to 1865 the United States was embroiled in an internal conflict that divided that country. This conflict also had an influence on the British North American colonies: continental and transatlantic trade was affected, and the battles taking place south of the border created tension across the entire continent. The following texts examine certain aspects of the influence of the Civil War on life in the British North American colonies. Because these colonies were on the verge of a political restructuring that would result in the creation of Canada, it is interesting to ask ourselves what role the American Civil War played in the process that led to Confederation in 1867.