Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

ARCHIVED - Canadian Confederation

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Towards Confederation

Influence of the American Civil War

Raids and Skirmishes

When the opening shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in 1861 there began a period of crisis in the relations between British North America and the United States which was to last throughout the war and some years beyond.

While the reasons for the Confederation of Canada in 1867 are many and varied, the American Civil War gave dramatic impetus to the movement. During the war (1861-64), there were many peaks and valleys in the tension between the two countries. Among the moments of crisis were the Trent Affair (1861), the Chesapeake Incident (1863) and the St. Albans Raid (1864).

Back