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ARCHIVED - Canadian Confederation

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Provinces and Territories

Key Terms

Fathers of Confederation

There are differing opinions on who should be considered Fathers of Confederation. For the purposes of this website, the term refers to the people who attended one or more of the three conferences held at Charlottetown, Quebec, and London to discuss the union of British North America. Their names are as follows:

Archibald, Sir Adams George (Nova Scotia)

Brown, George (Ontario)

Campbell, Sir Alexander (Ontario)

Carter, Sir F. B. T. (Newfoundland)

Cartier, Sir George-Étienne (Quebec)

Chandler, Edward Barron (New Brunswick)

Chapais, Jean-Charles (Quebec)

Cockburn, James (Ontario)

Coles, George (Prince Edward Island)

Dickey, Robert Barry (Nova Scotia)

Fisher, Charles (New Brunswick)

Galt, Sir Alexander Tilloch (Quebec)

Gray, John Hamilton (New Brunswick)

Gray, John Hamilton (Prince Edward Island)

Haviland, Thomas Heath (Prince Edward Island)

Henry, William Alexander (Nova Scotia)

Howland, William Pierce (Ontario)

Johnson, John Mercer (New Brunswick)

Langevin, Sir Hector-Louis (Quebec)

Macdonald, Andrew Archibald (Prince Edward Island)

Macdonald, Sir John A. (Ontario)

McCully, Jonathan (Nova Scotia)

McDougall, William (Manitoba)

McGee, Thomas D'Arcy (Quebec)

Mitchell, Peter (New Brunswick)

Mowat, Sir Oliver (Ontario)

Palmer, Edward (Prince Edward Island)

Pope, William Henry (Prince Edward Island)

Ritchie, John William (Nova Scotia)

Shea, Sir Ambrose (Newfoundland)

Steeves, William Henry (New Brunswick)

Taché, Sir Étienne-Paschal (Quebec)

Tilley, Sir Samuel Leonard (New Brunswick)

Tupper, Sir Charles (Nova Scotia)

Whelan, Edward (Prince Edward Island)

Wilmot, Robert Duncan (New Brunswick)