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The National Métis Committee was formed around October 16, 1869, with John Bruce as president and Louis Riel as secretary. Created with the support of Father Ritchot, the Committee met at his house on the Sale River. Ritchot hoped to minimize the unilateral actions of the federal authorities regarding the administration of the territory of the Red River colony.
It was by order of this committee that Lieutenant-Governor McDougall was refused entry to the Red River colony on November 2, 1869.