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Bibliography

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General Resources

Bliss, Michael. -- Confederation : a new nationality. --  Toronto : Grolier, c1981. -- 96 p.

Bolotenko, George. -- A future defined : Canada from 1849 to 1873. -- [Ottawa] : National Archives of Canada, 1992. -- 253 p. -- Also published in French: Édifier l'avenir.

Bonenfant, Jean-Charles. -- La naissance de la Confédération. -- Montréal : Léméac, 1969. -- 155 p.

Bonenfant, Jean-Charles. -- The French-Canadians and the birth of Confederation. -- Ottawa : [Canadian Historical Association], 1966. 20 p. -- Also published in French: Les Canadiens français et la naissance de la Confédération.

Bothwell, Robert ; Drummond, Ian ; English, John. -- Canada since 1945 : power, politics, and provincialism. -- Rev. ed. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1989. -- 508 p.

Canada. Geographical Branch. -- The boundaries of Canada, its provinces and territories. -- Edited by Norman L. Nicholson. -- [Ottawa : Queen's Printer, 1964] -- ix, 142 p.

Canada since 1867 : a bibliographical guide. -- Eds. J. L. Granatstein ; Paul Stevens. -- 2nd ed. -- Toronto : Samuel Stevens Hakkert, 1977. -- 204 p.

Canada's founding debates. -- Ed. Janet Ajzenstat et al. -- Toronto : Stoddart, 1999. -- 502  p.

Canadian encyclopedia : year 2000 edition. -- Ed. James H. Marsh. -- 3rd print ed. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1999. -- 2573 p. -- Also available online, at [www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com]

Canadian women : a history. -- Ed. Alison Prentice et al. -- 2nd ed. -- Toronto : Harcourt Brace Canada, 1996. -- 510 p.

Careless, J. M. S. -- The union of the Canadas : the growth of Canadian institutions, 1841-1857. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1967. -- 256 p.

Cauchon, Joseph E. -- The union of the provinces of British North America. -- Québec : Hunter, Rose, 1865. -- Available in microform format : CIHM microfiche series no. 32356. -- Also published in French: L'Union des provinces de l'Amérique britannique du Nord.

The causes of Canadian Confederation. -- Ed. Ged Martin. -- Fredericton, N.B. : Acadiensis Press, c1990. -- 172 p.

Charland, Jean-Pierre et al. -- Le Canada, un pays en évolution : manuel d'apprentissage. -- Montréal : Lidec, 1994. -- 555 p.

Charlottetown Conference of 1864 [online]. -- [Cited October 18, 2001]. -- Access:
[http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/200/301/ic/can_digital_collections/charlottetown/index.html]

Colquhoun, A. H. U. -- The Fathers of Confederation : a chronicle of the birth of the dominion. -- Limited ed. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1964. -- 200 p.

Cook, Ramsay. -- Canada and the French-Canadian question. -- Toronto : Copp Clark Pitman, 1986. -- 219 p.

Creighton, Donald. -- The forked road : Canada 1939-1957. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1976. -- 319 p.

Creighton, Donald. -- The road to Confederation : the emergence of Canada, 1863-1867. -- Toronto : Macmillan, c1964. -- 489 p.

Dickason, Olive Patricia. -- Canada's first nations : a history of founding peoples from earliest times. -- 3rd ed. -- Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press, 2001. -- Also published in French: Les premières nations du Canada.

Documents on the Confederation of British North America. -- Ed. G. P. Browne. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, c1969. -- 377 p.

Francis, R. Douglas. ; Jones, Richard ; Smith, Donald B. -- Destinies : Canadian history since Confederation. -- 4th ed. -- Toronto : Harcourt Canada, c2000. -- 597 p.

Francis, R. Douglas ; Jones, Richard ; Smith, Donald B. -- Origins : Canadian history to Confederation. -- 4th ed. -- Toronto : Harcourt Canada, c2000. -- 512 p.

Harris, R. Cole; Warkentin, John. -- Canada before Confederation: a study in historical geography. -- Ottawa : Carleton University Press, 1991. -- 338 p.

Hayes, John F. -- The nation builders. -- [Toronto] : Copp Clark, [c1968]. -- 271 p.

Histoire du Canada par les textes. -- Compilés par Michel Brunet. -- Montréal : Fides, c1963. -- Tome 2

Historical Atlas of Canada. -- Ed. R. Cole Harris et al. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c1987-1993. -- Also published in French: Atlas historique du Canada.

The Historical development of the Indian Act. -- Ed. John Leslie ; Ron Maguire. -- 2nd ed. -- Ottawa : Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1978, c1983. -- 196 p. -- Also published in French: Historique de la loi sur les indiens.

Howe, Joseph. -- Confederation considered in relation to the interests of the Empire. -- London : J. Stanford, 1866. -- 37 p. -- Also available in microform : CIHM no. 23329

The illustrated history of Canada. -- Ed. Craig Brown. -- 2nd ed., revised. -- Toronto : Lester, 1996. -- 591 p.

Johnson, Patricia Mary. -- Canada since 1867 : selected historical resources. -- [Toronto] : McClelland & Stewart, [1968]. -- 120 p.

McGee, Thomas D'Arcy. -- Two speeches on the union of the provinces. -- Québec : Hunter, Rose, 1865. -- 34 p. -- Also available in microform : CIHM no. 36824

Moore, Christopher. -- 1867 : how the Fathers made a deal. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1997. -- 279 p.

Morton, W. L. -- The critical years : the union of British North America, 1857-1873. --Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, c1964. -- 322 p.

Morton, W. L. -- The kingdom of Canada. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1969. -- 594 p.

Schull, Joseph. -- The nation makers. -- Toronto : Macmillan, c1967. -- 134 p.

Smith, Goldwin. -- Canada and the Canadian question. --Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c1971. -- 236 p.

Stanley, George F. -- "Act or pact? : another look at Confederation." -- Report of the annual meeting - Canadian Historical Association. -- Ed. John S. Moir ; Adrien Pouliot ; Leopold Lamontagne. -- [S.l. : s.n.], 1956. -- P. 1-25. -- Report for annual meeting, June 1956. -- Also available online, at : [www.cha-shc.ca/bilingue/addresses/1956.htm]

The Triumphant union and the Canadian Confederation [motion picture]. -- Producers, Nicholas Balla ; Ronald Dick. -- [S.l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1969. -- 58 min. 28 sec.

Tupper, Charles, Sir. -- A letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Carnarvon, principal secretary of state for the colonies : in reply to a pamphlet entitled, Confederation considered in relation to the interests of the Empire. -- London : C. Westerton, [1866]. -- 78 p. -- Also available in microform: CIHM no. 23333.

Underhill, Frank H. -- The image of Confederation. -- Toronto : Canadian Broadcasting Corp., c1964. -- 84 p.

Waite, P. B. -- The Charlottetown conference. -- Ottawa : Centennial Commission, 1967. -- 28 p.

Waite, P. B. -- The life and times of Confederation, 1864-1867 : politics, newspapers and the union of British North America. -- 2nd ed., with corrections. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c1962.

White, W. L. et al. -- Canadian Confederation : a decision-making analysis. -- Toronto : Macmillan of Canada ; [Ottawa] : Institute of Canadian Studies, Carleton University, c1979. -- 164 p.

Wilson, Bruce G. -- Colonial identities: Canada from 1760 to 1815. -- Ottawa : National Archives of Canada, c1988. -- 236 p. -- Also published in French: Identités coloniales.

Atlantic Canada (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland & Labrador)

The Atlantic provinces in Confederation. -- Ed. E. R. Forbes ; D. A. Muise. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1993. -- 628 p.

The Atlantic region to Confederation : a history. -- Ed. Philip A. Buckner ; John G. Reid. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1994. -- 491 p.

Blake, Raymond B. -- Canadians at last : Canada integrates Newfoundland as a province. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1994. -- 252 p.

Bolger, Francis. -- Canada's smallest province : a history of P.E.I. -- Halifax, N.S. : Nimbus, 1991. -- 403 p.

Bolger, Francis. -- Prince Edward Island and Confederation, 1863-1873. -- [Charlottetown] : St. Dunstan's University Press, 1964. -- 308 p.

Book of Newfoundland. -- Ed. Joseph R. Smallwood. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1979. -- 4 vol. -- Reprint of 1937 edition.

Callbeck, Lorne C. -- The cradle of Confederation. -- Fredericton, N.B. : Brunswick Press, 1964. -- 256 p.

Chadwick, St. John. -- Newfoundland : island into province. -- London : Cambridge University Press, 1967. -- 268 p.

A clear head in tempestuous times, Albert B. Perlin, the Wayfarer : observations on the National Convention and the Confederation issue, 1946-1949. -- Eds. Francis Hollohan ; Melvin Baker. -- St. John's, Nfld. : H. Cuff, 1986. -- 171 p.

The Confederation debate : 50 years and counting [online]. -- Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Project, 1999. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: www.heritage.nf.ca/confederation/default.html

Empty harbours, empty dreams [motion picture]. -- Producers, Barry Cowling ; Rex Tasker. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1979. -- 58 min, 3 sec.

Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. -- Eds. Joseph R. Smallwood ; Cyril F. Poole. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Smallwood Heritage Foundation, 1991- . -- 5 vol.

Full circle, first contact : Vikings and Skraelings in Newfoundland and Labrador [online]. -- The Newfoundland Museum, 2000. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: www.gov.nf.ca/fullcircle/index.htm

Hiller, James K. -- Confederation : deciding Newfoundland's future, 1934-1949. -- St. John's: Newfoundland Historical Society, 1998. -- 75 p.

Hiller, James K. -- The Confederation issue in Newfoundland, 1864-1869 : selected documents. -- [St. John's] : Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1974. -- 112 p.

Historical essays on the Atlantic Provinces. -- Ed. G. A. Rawlyk. -- [Toronto] : McClelland & Stewart, 1967. -- 262 p.

Let the people decide : Newfoundland, 1947-1949 [online]. -- Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Project, 1999. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: [www.heritage.nf.ca/confed_crb/default.html]

Mackenzie, David. -- Inside the Atlantic triangle : Canada and the entry of Newfoundland into Confederation, 1939-1949. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1986. -- 285 p.

MacNutt, W. S. -- New Brunswick, a history : 1784-1867. -- Toronto : Macmillan of Canada, 1984. -- 496 p.

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage [online], 2000. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: [www.heritage.nf.ca/home.html]

The Newfoundland National Convention, 1946-1948. -- Ed. James Hiller ; M. F. Harrington. -- Montréal : McGill-Queen's University Press for Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1995. -- 2 vol.

Pope, W. H. -- The Confederation question considered from a Prince Edward Island point of view. -- Charlottetown, P.E.I. : E. Whelan, 1866. -- 28 p.

Pryke, Kenneth J. -- Nova Scotia and Confederation, 1864-1874. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1979. -- 240 p.

Rowe, Frederick. -- History of Newfoundland and Labrador. -- Toronto : McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1980. -- 563 p.

Soirée '99 -- the Confederation of Newfoundland and Canada [online]. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: [www.soiree99.nfld.net/historical/toc.htm]

Walsh, Bren. -- More than a poor majority : the story of Newfoundland's Confederation with Canada. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Breakwater, c1985. -- 332 p.

Weale, David ; Baglole, Harry. -- The Island and Confederation : the end of an era. -- [S.l. : s. n.], 1973. -- 166 p.

Whitelaw, W. M. -- The Maritimes and Canada before Confederation. -- Toronto : Oxford University Press, [1966]. -- 347 p.

Central Canada (Ontario, Quebec)

Baillargeon, Georges. -- "À propos de l'abolition du régime seigneurial". -- Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique française. -- Vol. 22, no. 3 (décembre 1968). -- P. 365-391

Bothwell, Robert. -- A short history of Ontario. -- Edmonton : Hurtig, 1986. -- 222 p.

Bouchard, Claude ; Robert Lagassé. -- Nouvelle-France, Canada, Québec : histoire du Québec et du Canada. --Montréal : Beauchemin, c1986. -- 386 p.

De Volpi, Charles P. -- Québec : recueil iconographique, 1608-1875 = Québec : a pictorial record, 1608-1875. -- Don Mills, Ont. : Longman, c1971. -- 188 p.

La Gazette officielle du Québec : 125 ans d'édition gouvernementale. -- [Québec] : Les Publications du Québec, c1993. -- 219 p.

Gwyn, Sandra. -- The private capital : ambition and love in the age of Macdonald and Laurier. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1989. -- 514 p.

Hamelin, Jean. -- Histoire du Québec. -- Montréal : France-Amérique, 1981. -- 538 p.

Hamelin, Jean ; Provencher, Jean. -- Brève histoire du Québec. -- 5e éd. -- Montréal : Boréal, c1990. -- 134 p.

Lacoursière, J. ; Provencher, J. ; Vaugeois, D. -- Canada Québec : synthèse historique, 1534-2000. -- Sillery, Quebec : Septentrion, 2000. -- 591 p.

Linteau, Paul-André ; Durocher, René ; Robert, Jean-Claude. -- Histoire du Québec contemporain. -- Montréal : Boréal Express, 1979. -- 660 p. -- Tome 1 : De la Confédération à la crise.

Monet, Jacques. -- La première révolution tranquille : le nationalisme canadien-français, 1837-1850. -- Montréal : Fides, c1981. -- 504 p.

Ouellet, Fernand. -- Le Bas-Canada 1791-1840 : changements structuraux et crise. -- Ottawa : Éditions de l'Université d'Ottawa, c1976. -- 541 p.

Provencher, Jean. -- Chronologie du Québec. -- Montréal : Boréal, c1991. -- 216 p.

Silver, A. I. -- The French-Canadian idea of Confederation, 1864-1900. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c1982. -- 257 p.

Swainson, Donald. -- Ontario and Confederation. -- Ottawa : Centennial Commission, 1967. -- 26 p.

Wallot, Jean-Pierre. -- "Le régime seigneurial et son abolition au Canada". -- Canadian Historical Review. -- Vol. 50, no. 4 (December 1969). -- P. 367-393

White, Randall. -- Ontario, 1610-1985 : a political and economic history. -- Toronto : Dundurn, 1985. -- 352 p.

Western Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia)

Anstey, Arthur ; Sutherland, Neil. -- British Columbia : a short history. -- Toronto : Gage, 1957. -- 55 p.

Bercuson, David ; Palmer, Howard. -- Settling the Canadian West. -- Toronto : Grolier, 1984. -- 95 p.

Black, Norman Fergus. -- History of Saskatchewan and the Old North West. -- 2nd ed. -- Regina : North West Historical Company, 1913. -- 605 p.

Bowers, Vivien ; Garrod, Stan. -- Our land: building the west. -- Toronto : Gage Educational Publishing, 1987. -- Also published in French: L'ouest et son histoire.

Friesen, Gerald. -- The Canadian Prairies : a history. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1984. -- 524 p.

Graham, W. R. -- "Indian treaties and the settlement of the North-West". -- Saskatchewan history. -- Vol. 2, no. 1 (Winter 1949). -- P. 19-22

Historical essays on British Columbia. -- Eds. J. Friesen ; H. K. Ralston. -- Toronto : Gage, 1980. -- 293 p.

Historical essays on the Prairie Provinces. -- Ed. Donald Swainson. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1970. -- 312 p.

A History of British Columbia : selected readings. -- Ed. Patricia E. Roy. -- Toronto : Copp Clark Pitman, 1989. -- 357 p.

Ireland, William E. -- "The Annexation petition of 1869". -- British Columbia historical quarterly. -- Vol. 4, no. 4 (October 1940).

Lower, J. Arthur. -- Western Canada, an outline history. -- Vancouver : Douglas and McIntyre, 1983. -- 346 p.

Manitoba : the birth of a province. -- Ed. W. L. Morton. -- [Winnipeg] : Manitoba Record Society, 1984. -- 265 p.

Morton, W. L. -- The West and Confederation, 1857-1871. -- Ottawa : Canadian Historical Association, 1968. -- 20 p. -- Also published in French: L'ouest et la Confédération.

Ormsby, Margaret. -- British Columbia : a history. -- [Rev. ed.] -- [Toronto] : Macmillan of Canada, 1971. -- 566 p.

The Pacific connection : ties that bound [motion picture]. -- Producers, Peter Jones ; John Taylor. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1982. -- 22 min. 46 sec.

The Prairie west : historical readings. -- Ed. R. Douglas Francis ; Howard Palmer. -- 2nd ed. -- Edmonton : Pica Press, 1992. -- 748 p.

Shelton, George. -- British Columbia and Confederation. -- Victoria, B.C. : Morriss Printing, 1967. -- 250 p.

Voisey, Paul. -- "The urbanization of the Canadian prairies, 1871-1916". -- Histoire sociale = Social history. -- Vol. 8, no. 15 (Mai-May 1975). -- P. 75-101

Woodcock, George. -- British Columbia : a history of the province. -- 1st paperback ed. -- Vancouver : Douglas & McIntyre, 1994. -- 288 p.

Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut)

Berton, Pierre. -- Klondike : the last great gold rush, 1896-1899. -- Rev. ed. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1972. -- 472 p.

Cameron, Kirk ; White, Graham. -- Northern governments in transition : political and constitutional development in the Yukon, Nunavut, and the western Northwest Territories. -- Montreal : Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1995. -- 151 p.

Canada welcomes Nunavut [online]. -- CANOE (Canadian Online Explorer), 1999. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: [www.canoe.ca/CNEWSNunavut/]

Coates, Kenneth. -- Canada's colonies : a history of the Yukon and Northwest Territories. -- Toronto : Lorimer, 1985. -- 251 p.

Coates, Ken S. ; Morrison, W. R. -- Land of the midnight sun : a history of the Yukon. -- Edmonton : Hurtig, 1988. -- 336 p.

Inuit Tapirisat of Canada [online]. -- [Cited June 28, 2001]. -- Access: www.itk.ca/

Jull, Peter. -- An Aboriginal northern territory : creating Canada's Nunavut. -- [Casuarina, N. T. : Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit], 1992. -- 39 p.

Lingard, C. Cecil. -- Territorial government in Canada : the autonomy question in the old North-West Territories. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1946. -- 269 p.

Merritt, John et al. -- Nunavut : political choices and manifest destiny. -- Ottawa : Canadian Arctic Resources Committee, 1989. -- 126 p.

Morrison, William R. -- True North : the Yukon and Northwest Territories. -- Toronto : Oxford University Press, 1998. -- 202 p.

Nunavut '99 : changing the map of Canada : the birth of a territory fulfills a dream. -- Ed. Marion Soublière & Greg Coleman. -- Iqaluit : Nortext Multimedia Inc., 1999. -- 131 p.

The Nunavut Handbook 1999. -- Ed. Marion Soublière. -- Iqaluit : Nortext Multimedia Inc., 1999. -- [414 p.] -- Available online, at: www.arctictravel.com

Purich, Donald. -- The Inuit and their land : the story of Nunavut. -- Toronto : James Lorimer, 1992. -- 176 p.

Thomas, Lewis H. -- North-West Territories, 1870-1905. -- Ottawa : Canadian Historical Association, 1970. -- 24 p. -- Also published in French: Les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, 1870-1905.

Welcome to Nunavut [motion picture]. -- Producers, Mark Zannis and George Hargrave. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1999. -- 43 min 06 sec.

Zaslow, Morris. -- The Northwest Territories, 1905-1980. -- Ottawa : Canadian Historical Association, 1984. -- Also published in French: Les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, 1905-1980.

Zaslow, Morris. -- The opening of the Canadian North, 1870-1914. -- Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1971. -- 339 p.

Zaslow, Morris. -- "The Yukon : Northern development in a Canadian-American context". -- Regionalism in the Canadian community, 1867-1967. -- Ed. Mason Wade. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1969. -- 300 p.

Biographies

Alexander Galt : the stubborn idealist [motion picture]. -- Producers, Julian Biggs ; Guy Glover. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1962. -- 27 min., 56 sec. -- Also distributed in French: Alexander Galt : l'idéaliste impénitent.

Beck, J. Murray. -- Joseph Howe. -- 1st paperback ed. -- Kingston, Ont. : McGill-Queen's University Press, 1984. -- 2 vol.

Black, Martha L. -- Martha Black. -- Edited and updated by Flo Whyard. -- Rev. ed. -- Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Northwest Publishing, 1986. -- 166 p.

Careless, J. M. S. -- Brown of the Globe. -- Toronto : Dundurn, c1989. -- 2 vol.

Charles Tupper : the big man [motion picture]. -- Producers, Julian Biggs; Guy Glover. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board, 1961. -- 28 min. -- Also distributed in French: Charles Tupper : le magnanime.

Coles, Mercy Ann. -- "Diary". -- National Archives of Canada, MG24 B66. (See ArchiviaNet for more information.)

Creighton, Donald. -- John A. Macdonald : the young politician, the old chieftain. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1998. -- 524 ; 630 p.

Dictionary of Canadian biography. -- Regular edition. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c1966- .

Durant, Vincent. -- War horse of Cumberland : the life and times of Sir Charles Tupper. -- Hantsport, N.S. : Lancelot Press, 1985. -- 117 p.

Georges-Étienne Cartier : the lion of Québec [motion picture]. -- Producers, Julian Biggs ; Guy Glover. -- [S. l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1962. -- 27 min. 58 sec. -- Also distributed in French: Georges-Étienne Cartier : le lion du Québec.

Gwyn, Richard. -- Smallwood : the unlikely revolutionary. -- 2nd ed., reissue with added afterword. -- Toronto : M&S, c1999. -- 459 p.

Hannay, James. -- The life and times of Sir Leonard Tilley, being a political history of New Brunswick for the past seventy years. -- Saint John, N.B. : [s.n.], 1897. -- 400 p. -- Also available in microform: CIHM no. 05354.

Hodgins, Bruce W. -- John Sandfield Macdonald, 1812-1872. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1971. -- 131 p.

Horwood, Harold. -- Joey : the life and political times of Joseph Smallwood. -- Toronto : Stoddart, 1989. -- 348 p.

John A. Macdonald : the impossible idea [motion picture]. -- Producers, Julian Biggs; Guy Glover. -- [S.l.] : National Film Board of Canada, 1961. -- 27 min. 41 sec. -- Also distributed in French: John A. Macdonald : L'intuition fantastique.

Phelan, Josephine. -- The ardent exile : the life and times of Thos. Darcy McGee. -- Toronto : Macmillan Co. of Canada, 1951. -- 317 p.

"The Right Honourable Sir Charles Tupper," First among equals : the prime minister in Canadian life and politics [online]. -- [Cited November 12, 2001]. -- Access : www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/primeministers/h4-3150-e.html

"The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald," First among equals : the prime minister in Canadian life and politics [online]. -- [Cited November 12, 2001]. -- Access : www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/primeministers/h4-3025-e.html

Smallwood, Joseph. -- I chose Canada : the memoirs of the Honourable Joseph R. "Joey" Smallwood. -- Scarborough, Ont. : New American Library of Canada, 1975. -- 2 vol.

Tupper, Charles, Sir. -- The life and letters of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., K.C.M.G. -- Ed. E. M. Saunders. -- London : Cassell, 1916. -- 2 vol.

Wallace, Carl M. -- Sir Leonard Tilley : a political biography [microform]. -- [Ottawa] : [National Library of Canada], 1972. -- 1 reel, 35 mm. -- (Canadian theses on microfilm ; no. 13621). -- Ph.D. thesis, University of Alberta, 1972.

Whelan, Edward. -- Biographical sketch of the Honorable Edward Whelan, together with a compilation of his principal speeches. -- Charlottetown, P.E.I. : Published for the author, 1888. -- 301 p. -- Also available on microform: CIHM no. 26184.