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Nunavut was formed from part of the Northwest Territories in 1999. When Canada first became a country, Native people were not asked what they thought about Confederation. In fact, the Government of Canada took control of the land, resulting in changes to the Inuit way of life. In the 1970s the Inuit began to talk to the Canadian government about creating a new territory called Nunavut. They had two main reasons for this: