SIR, - I beg to submit my annual report for the year ended 30th June, 1896.
Name and Location of Reserve. - The Tyendinaga Reserve is situated in the county of Hastings.
Area. - It contains an area of seventeen thousand acres.
Resources. - The resources of this reserve are building stone and gravel.
Tribe or Nation. - These Indians belong to the Mohawk tribe.
Vital Statistics. - Men, two hundred and eighty-nine; women, three hundred and four; children, five hundred and eighty-six; births, thirty-nine; deaths, nineteen immigrations, thirty-five; emigrations, twenty-seven; increase of population, twenty-eight; causes of death: children's diseases, some consumption, one case of cancer and old age.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - The health of these Indians is good. Their houses are kept clean and neat. There have been no epidemics.
Occupation. - The members of this band engage in farming and work in the mills at Deseronto, and at different trades.
Buildings, Stock and Farming Implements. - The buildings are in a good state of repair. The stock is well kept. The majority have all they require in modern implements.
Education. - Three hundred children should attend school. There are four schools, and three teachers with third-class certificates and one with a second-class. The authorized course of studies is followed. The schools are well equipped, and the discipline in each school is good. The progress of the children is fair, and a steady improvement is noticeable. The parents are all anxious that the children shall be well educated, and many parents help their children in their studies. A number of the children attend the high-school in the town of Deseronto.
Religion. - The Indians of this band belong to the Church of England. There is one missionary, two churches, built of stone, and a mission school used for divine service. A great improvement has taken place in church work during the last few months, the churches being filled with Indians, and the Sunday-schools are in splendid working order. There are three Sunday-schools, and three services held each Sunday, and an evening service will be held very soon in the east end of the reserve; also a Bible class is carried on one night in the week. All this is done by the missionary himself.
Characteristics and Progress. - The Indians are industrious and law-abiding, and are becoming richer.
Chief Sampson Green works his own farm of one hundred acres, which is in a fine state of cultivation. Chief Stephen Maracle is doing well upon his farm. Chief Solomon Loft is also doing well. Isaac Powles is a prime farmer - very few white men are his equal. Dr. Oronhyatekha has a fine farm in a splendid state of culture. John Loft has a fine farm. William Brant, Joseph Brant and Walter Brant are all doing well, and their boys are becoming farmers.
Temperance and Morality. - The Indians are not as bad in the use of spirits as the white people in this section, and the morality of both men and women is better.
General Remarks. - The great drought of 1895 caused a perfect failure in hay and straw, and we were put to a large expense in procuring such fodder. During the spring