Health and Sanitary Condition. - Scrofula prevails to a large extent among the Indians of this band, and generally ends in consumption and chest complaint. Infectious diseases have not been common among them. There were three cases of diphtheria; these, were isolated, and no further cases occurred. As a rule the houses and premises are clean.
Occupation. - These Indians earn their living in various ways during the summer season, going out with fishing parties and explorers. Some do trading in the berry and sugar season. They do very little in hunting or fishing. The law preventing them from selling partridges is against them, as formerly they used to make a great deal of money out of this pursuit. In the winter they work in the various lumber camps; they also work at boat-building, carpentry, & c. The women do a little bark-work, basket-making, berry-picking and sugar-making, and make rush mats, & c.
Buildings. - The houses are mostly built of log, a few of them frame, and white-washed outside. The barns and stables are made of logs.
Stock. - The stock consists of cows, oxen, horses, pigs and poultry.
Farming Implements. - The farming implements consist of ploughs, harrows, one threshing-machine and one fanning-mill. These are owned by individual Indians, and are not gifts from the department.
Education. - There are two schools on the reserve. The Protestant school is taught by Mrs. Atkinson, who holds a second-class certificate. At this school forty-eight should attend; thirty-six only attend, and these not regularly. This is the fault of the parents, who keep them at home on the slightest pretense. The pupils are mostly in the low grade, that is cards, first and second books, and a very few in the second and third book. They also learn writing, which they do very well for small children, drawing, arithmetic and singing.
The children are making fair progress considering their irregular attendance. During, the last quarter ending the 30th June, the average attendance was nearly twenty-two. This is better than it has been for some time, and is a good deal owing to the constable, W.J. Pine, who went among all the parents insisting on their sending their children to school, and looking after those who strayed away.
The other school is under the management of the Rev. G.A. Artus, with Miss Lamorandière as teachers, who does her duty well in bringing the children forward. Thirty-six attend the school, and with the exception of nine have attended very regularly. Five Roman Catholic children go to the Protestant school, it being much nearer to their home. Twenty-five of these are in standard number I., seven in number II., four in number III. These are taught reading, spelling, geography, writing, arithmetic, drawing, and singing, and are all making very good progress.
The attendance at this school is more regular than at the Protestant. This is in a great measure owing to the Rev. G.A. Artus, who insists on the parents sending their children, and the care and attention shown by Miss Lamorandière. There are only about ninety children who should attend the two schools, and this school has its full complement.
Religion. - There are three churches on the reserve. The services of the Church of England are conducted by the Rev. A.R. Atkinson; his church is well attended on Sundays and holy days.
The Roman Catholic Church services are conducted by the Rev. G.A. Artus, who has a large attendance on Sundays and saints' days. There are other priests who assist at times in this church.
The Methodist Church has no minister, merely the building, the church having been closed for some years, there being only five families of that denomination.
Characteristics and Progress. - The Indians are good workers when at it, but its a rule, after earning money enough to go on with, they take a rest. They are good men in the bush; they are as a rule orderly, and have a great dislike to the jail. The lockup which was built on the reserve has not yet been put into use.