Buildings, Stock and Farming Implements. - As already stated, the band has only a small reserve at the rapids, about twenty-two acres; there are four houses. The Indians at this point grow only a few potatoes, and they support themselves principally by fishing. Those residing on the Garden River Reserve farm quite an area of land, and are possessed of ploughs, harrows and wagons; they raise potatoes, pease, Indian corn, oats and other cereals, and own cows, horses and other domestic animals.
Education. - The Indians living on the Garden River Reserve are all Roman Catholic and attend the Garden River school to the number of twenty-four.
Religion. - There are two churches, both Roman Catholic, one at Goulais Bay and one at Batchewana. These are supplied by missionaries from time to time, and in their absence by lay Indians or half-breeds. They all appear to be very devout.
Temperance and Morality. - Many of the Indians are members of a temperance society, but I regret to say that others are as the Garden River Band addicted to the use of liquor, which they easily get on the American side of the river. The morals among the young people are rather loose.
General Remarks. - The chief of this band is Nubenaigooching, now a very old man. He resides with some of his band on the Garden River Reserve.
Those living along the shore of Lake Superior, I only visit once a year when paying the Robinson Treaty annuity money, and meet them all along from Point aux Pins to Michipicotin, and in many cases feed them and give them tobacco.
Four Indians of the band have land of their own, bought from the department, on which they reside. I am informed that this has been sold by the Ontario Government for taxes.
Location. - This band has a small reserve at Michipicotin River.
Tribe. - These Indians are also descendants of the Chippewas mixed with French Canadian half-breeds.
Vital Statistics. - The total number of the band is three hundred and thirty-eight. During the year there were fourteen births, nine immigrations and twenty deaths. I am not able to say to what causes the deaths were due, but some families were nearly all taken away. There were two emigrations caused by marriage and transfer to other families.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - The houses and reserve are kept clean and in good order.
Occupation. - The land on this reserve is very sandy, and the Indians do not grow anything consequence; among the thirteen families who reside at the river they only raised about twenty-five bushels of potatoes, and a few other roots; most of their time, instead of looking after their gardens, is taken up by fishing for Ainsworth & Ganley.
The Hudson's Bay Company used to be their great support, taking their furs and giving them supplies and work. This post has been given up and the Indians remaining at the river will have very hard work this winter to subsist.
The majority of the band are scattered all over the country from Batchewana, the Lizzards, Biscotasing, Chapleau, Missanabie, Brunswick House and other stations of the Hudson's Bay Company. This makes it very difficult to get the payments made and the census taken some of the members remain for two or three years without being heard front, as in their hunting excursions they go far above the height of land.
Education. - There is a schoolhouse on the reserve at Michipicotin River, but no school has been held there for several years.
Religion. - There are forty-six Church of England members in this band, the remainder being Roman Catholic; they have a church which is attended to by missionaries occasionally and in their absence by lay Indians.
Characteristics and Progress. - I only visit these Indians once a year when paying the Robinson Treaty annuity money, and although they are very poor they always seem contented, and if they get any money usually spend it at the first opportunity.