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Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990

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Religion. - This band is composed entirely of Roman Catholics, who worship in a sufficiently large and neat church, whose tall spire is a decided feature on the shore of their lake.

Characteristics. - These Indians are of a superior class: active, energetic, and self-reliant.

Temperance and Morality. - In these respects their character is that of any rural community of the better class. There has been marked improvement during the past few years.


Location. - This reserve is situated at the outlet of Lake Nipissing at the head of the French River.

Area. - It has an area of about twenty-five thousand acres, consisting of two islands.

Resources. - The resources of this reserve are agriculture and lumbering. This band formerly engaged extensively in trading, but the facilities for such occupation having, for them, passed away, the older men have turned to farming and the younger ones to lumbering.

Tribe or Nation. - This band nominally belongs to the Ojibbewa nation, but in reality they are half-breeds with a large admixture of French blood.

Vital Statistics. - The population is seventy-five, consisting of nineteen men, thirty women, and twenty-six children. During the year there were three deaths and three births, one emigration and two immigrations. One death resulted from old age, the other two were children, while the other change was the result of the marriage of one of the band with a white woman.

Health. - The health of this band has been exceptionally good.

Occupation. - As stated above, under the head of "Resources," the occupations of this band are farming and lumbering. It is almost needless to state that they make better lumbermen than farmers, as it is quite evident that some of them hold the latter occupation in some contempt.

Buildings. - The buildings on this reserve are only three in number and of these two are poor and small. There is little, if any, stock, and implements are almost nil.

Education. - The refusal of the members of this band to dispose of their pine timber, and the jealousy with which the chief has prevented any of the band except three of his sons from settling on the reserve, has resulted in the absence of all educational work. There is no school-house on the reserve, nor any means by which the youth of this band can be taught.

Religion. - All of the Indians of this band are Roman Catholics, but they have no church erected.

Characteristics. - The national characteristics of this band are French rather than Indian. The are intelligent in a certain direction, but in some cases are deficient in common prudence. I base these remarks on their persistent refusal to surrender their pine timber so that it may be sold for their own benefit.

Temperance and Morality. - In these respects the band is most exemplary.


Location. - No reserve has been yet given to this band. The various members live in a scattered manner around the shores and in the vicinity of Lake Temogamingue, situated about forty miles west of Lake Temiscamingue.

Resources. - Almost the only resource of this band is hunting, and this is fast failing in productiveness. Except in the immediate neighbourhood of the Hudson Bay Company's post on Lake Temogamingue, there is no attempt at farming, and when

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