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Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990

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band are yearly improving. Among this number may be mentioned the Chief, Peter Tenesco; sub-chief, Michel Comondo; Charles Comondo, Antoine Tenesco, Bazil Otjik, all of whom clear some new land every spring,. They have erected new buildings recently and are acquiring stock and farming implements.

Temperance and Morality. - Some of the members of the band are addicted to the use of intoxicants, but the large majority are temperate. Immoral conduct among them is rare and serious crimes are unknown.

I have, & c.,
Indian Agent.
CACOUNA, 29th August, 1896.

The Honourable
The Superintendent General of Indian Affairs,

SIR, - I have the honour to forward my tabular statement for the year ended the 30th June last, also my annual report for the same period, as follows: -

The Cacouna Reserve consists of merely about half an acre in the village of Cacouna on which the Indians have their houses. They formerly owned the island called Isle Verte and land in the township of Viger, but most of this land was surrendered by them and sold for their benefit.

Tribe. - These Indians belong to the Amalecite tribe.

Vital Statistics. - The population is one hundred and twenty-five, consisting of twenty men, thirty-one women, and seventy-four children. During the year there were two births, one death and one, immigration, making an increase of two. The immigration was through marriage. There were no emigrations. The causes of death were pneumonia and old age.

Health and Sanitary Condition. - The sanitary condition of the Indians during the year has been excellent; they did not suffer from any contagious disease. Their reserve is situated in a village in which the board health enforces strictly the sanitary regulations ordered by the physician; the Indians are bound to observe the regulations.

Occupation. - Some of the men follow the chase; none of them fish. They are sometimes employed as guides by tourists. The general occupation of the members of this band is the making of baskets and snow-shoes, which art is so general that this tribe has to compete with the work of other Indians who gather during the summer season, which is a great wrong to them. There is no cultivation of the soil worth mentioning, for the reserve contains only about half an acre, it having been purchased simply to provide the Indians with ground for their dwellings.

Education. - The young children attend school fairly regularly, but the parents do not appear to take much interest in the matter; also the parents are often obliged to withdraw the children before they have made much alliance on account of the large number of very poor widows who require their children to work for them. There is no school on the reserve; the Indian children are sent to the convent or to the model school at the village. The number of children of school age is thirty-seven.

Religion. - All the members of this band are Roman Catholics. They have neither church nor missionary; they all attend service in the parishes where they live and receive the attention of the priests residing there.

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