Resources. - Some of the land on this reserve is excellent for farming, but the larger part is very rocky and unfit for cultivation, and is covered with a second-growth forest, which supplies the Indians with wood for fuel and basket stuff.
Tribe. - The Indians of this district belong to the Micmac tribe.
Vital Statistics. - The Indians of this agency number one hundred and ninety. There have been thirteen births and four deaths during the past year, which gives an increase of eleven over last year. In three cases the cause of death was consumption, and in the other case scarlet fever.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - The health of the Indians has been fair during the past year, there having been no epidemics amongst them, pulmonary diseases being most prevalent. They keep themselves and premises clean, using the sanitary precautions recommended by the department.
Occupation. - The Indians of this district have many ways of making a living; some earn good wages during the spring and early summer stream-driving logs down the rivers, at which work they are very expert; and some get large wages as guides to tourists and hunters; most of the men on the reserve were constantly employed this way for several weeks last fall. Basket-making is a permanent employment with them; when other work fails they call always get sale for their baskets. This industry is chiefly carried on by the women, who are adapts in that line. The farming done by these Indians is limited; but I am pleased to report a decided improvement on the reserve, as some of talent take all interest in agriculture and raised good crops of potatoes last year, and are taking good care of their apple trees, which the Government got grafted for them and which are looking fine.
Buildings, Stock, Farming Implements. - The buildings are frame, boarded and shingled, and as the Indians on the reserve own five cows and five young stock, they I have built themselves barns for their hay and cattle, which is an improvement; three years ago there was not an animal owned on the reserve.
Education. - The Indian school on the reserve is doing good work under the tuition of I.L. DeVaney, although the average is below what it should be. There are twenty children on the reserve of an age to attend school. The teacher has a provincial license, grade C. The pupils are taught reading, writing, arithmetic, history, geography, grammar, & c. The school is supplied by the Government with maps, books, copy-books, ink, pens, and everything to carry on the school. The discipline of the school is good, the best of order prevails, and the children are making excellent progress in their studies, and these are scholars that would be a credit to any school of the same grade for white children.
Religion. - The Indians of this district are all Roman Catholic. They enjoy the ministrations of a priest, who lives at Annapolis, and at stated times visits the reserve, where there is a handsome chapel fitted up tastefully. The interest manifested in religion is, I fear, rather superficial.
Characteristics. - The men are generally indolent, that is, they will not come down to hard, steady labour, but for driving logs, hunting, and fishing for porpoise they are very quick and smart. The women are very industrious and do most of the work.
Temperance and Morality. - The Indians generally are fond of liquor, and were it not for the law, which is so strict that they cannot get it without risk end trouble, they would be very intemperate; while there are some on the reserve that never taste the vile stuff. As a rule they are moral and law-abiding, and it is a very rare thing for an Indian to be arrested for any crime.