Religion. - The Indians are being taught by the Roman Catholic, the Presbyterian, and the Methodist missionaries, the first mentioned having come to the coast over twenty years ago, and by their influence and teachings have done much for the advancement of the natives. There are several churches and the Indians are each year becoming more earnest in the interest manifested in religious teaching.
Characteristics and Progress. - They are energetic hunters and traders; they possess considerable mechanical skill, are full of resources, hardy and inured to dangers and exposures on the sea. They are expert seal-hunters, hundreds of them finding employment on the sealing-schooners visiting the Japan and Behring Seas every year.
Temperance and Morality. - These natives having been off and on supplied with intoxicants by white traders for several generations, the habit of drinking is not new to them. On the whole they are not, however, habitual drunkards, although many of the young men freely indulge in intoxicants when in the cities and towns. During the period now reported upon there has been less trouble on the coast from that source than for many previous years. The women have nearly all ceased to visit the cities and towns for immoral purposes.
|Value of personal property||$77,700|
|Acres under cultivation||4|
|Total value of real and personal property||$126,350|
|Number of young stock||4|
|Value of fish taken||$22,150|
|Value of furs||$136,100|
The agent remarks that he has made a change in the numbers of Roman Catholic Indians. The Roman Catholic clergy, he states, maintain that as nearly all the children have been baptized by theme and the young men and women also, and have all attended religious services at times and received instruction in Christianity, even if they are not able to attend church regularly, as long as they do riot engage in any pagan worship they should be considered Christians. "I also find," he adds, by the census this year that the number of children in some tribes have decreased considerably, especially at Kyuquot, Noochahtlaht and Mooachaht." A few bushels of carrots and turnips are grown by most of the tribes, and at Alberni the Indians have a little fruit for their own use.
NORTH-WEST COAST AGENCY.
Location. - This agency includes all the coast and the off-lying islands from Cape Caution in Queen Charlotte's Sound to the limits of the reserve occupied by the Nass Indians.
Area. - The area of the land reserved for the benefit of the Indians of this agency is one hundred and forty-nine thousand three hundred and forty-seven acres.
Resources. - The resources of this agency are as follows: - an abundant supply of timber, fish, game, and fur-bearing, animals of land and sea, fish-oils, & c., with a very limited extent of arable land.
Tribe or Nation. - The Indians in the north are Tsimpsheans, Nass and Haidas, while some of those in the south are Kwawkewlths.