Location. - This agency has the state of Washington on the south, the Kootenay Agency on the east, the Fraser and Williams Lake Agencies on the west, and the Williams Lake Agency on the north.
Area. - The Indian reserves cover three hundred and nineteen thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight acres.
Resources. - This agency contains the following resources: stock-ranges, farming land; auriferous deposits, a bountiful supply of salmon from the Fraser, and in some sections game in abundance.
Tribe or Nation. - The Indians in this agency belong to the N'hla-Kapm-uh and Shuswap and Okanagan branches of the Salish nation.
Vital Statistics. - The population is three thousand five hundred and fifty-one, of which one thousand three hundred and ninety are children. The births during the year were one hundred and sixty-one, and deaths one hundred and twenty-nine, making an increase of thirty-two as compared with the previous year. There were no immigrations or emigrations. The deaths were from old age and natural causes rather than from any epidemic or virulent disease.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - Attention is paid to the vaccination of the different bands; there is a continued improvement in sanitary conditions; much suffering during the winter from colds and la grippe; a few cases of erysipelas, with fortunately very few fatal results.
Occupation. - The following occupations are followed by the Indians in this agency: cultivation of the soil, stock-raising, hunting and trapping, fishing and curing packing and teaming, mining, herding stock, trading, as section hands on railroad, logging and cutting fire-wood, & c. The women make gloves, moccasins, dress deer skins, gather and dry berries, & c.
Buildings, Stock and Farming Implements. - Most of these Indians have good dwelling-houses and live separately, having given up the rancherie mode of dwelling together in families under the same roof. They have barns and stables which compare favourably with their white neighbours.
Education. - There is an Indian industrial-school at Kamloops under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church, at which fifty pupils are being cared for and educated in accordance with the departmental standard, besides being trained in different trades and all branches of practical farming. A very interesting report from the reverend principal has been forwarded.
Religion. - The Indians are mostly Roman Catholic, and have churches or houses where religious services are held at nearly every village.
Characteristics and Progress. - They are active, energetic and fairly successful as farmers and stock-raisers, and are progressing in other industrial and economic pursuits.
Temperance and Morality. - Considering their opportunities, scattered as they are through a country thickly settled with whites, these Indians are on the whole reasonably abstemious and free from gross immorality.
|Value of personal property||$126,591|
|Acres under cultivation||2,552|
|Acres of new land broken||4|
|Total value of real and personal property||$532,424|