|Number of other implements||4,459|
|Number of young stock||585|
|Value of fish taken||$6,875|
|Value of furs||$11,699|
Location. - This agency is situated in the southeast section of British Columbia, having the Rocky Mountains on the east and north, the United States territory on the south, and the Kamloops-Okanagan Agency on the west.
Area. - The reserves in the aggregate amount to forty-two thousand and sixty-one acres.
Resources. - The reserves in many localities are of fairly good land, which, when irrigated, yields average grain and root crops but on some reserves, not having water for irrigation, the returns are poor; on these reserves there are also considerable summer ranges for cattle, and hay meadows. Fish abound in the lakes and streams, and game and furs are to be had in the mountains, though not as plentiful as in former years.
Tribe or Nation. - With the exception of the Shuswap Band settled at the Columbia Lakes, the Indians are likely an offshoot of the Tinneh nation, as their name of Kootenay seems to indicate.
Vital Statistics. - The population is five hundred and sixty-two, of which two hundred and forty-three are children. There have been ten births and twenty-nine deaths, which makes a decrease of nineteen as compared with the census of last year. The chiefly consumption and severe colds amongst the cause of death has been reported as aged.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - These Indians are subject to pulmonary complaints and bronchial affections. During the year reported upon, there have been more deaths than usual. Such of the sick as could not assist themselves were attended to by the Indian agent, medicine and medical attendance having been provided by him also. Constant care is taken to teach the Indians the benefits arising from a proper observance of sanitary precautions in their dwellings and around their villages, & c.
Occupation. - They engage in general farming and stock-raising, hunting and fishing, and occasionally acting as guides to hunters and miners; they also do considerable packing, and teaming, having plenty of horses.
Buildings, Stock and Farming Implements. - Their style of dwelling-houses is rather backward. They mostly live in tents or mi-mis during the summer, and only assemble at their village, St. Eugene Mission, for a few months of the winter; there