Toosey Reserve. - This reserve is well supplied with good land, but water for irrigating purposes is scarce. At my last visit there a Chinaman was employed in constructing a ditch for carrying water which, when completed, will be sufficient for the wants of this band.
Resources. - The Indians on this reserve are in good circumstances, and besides raising good crops have quite a number of cattle.
Area. - This reserve contains seventy-four thousand and sixty-five acres.
Occupation. - These Indians engage in farming, stock-raising, hunting, fishing, gold-mining, and are employed as farm hands, packers, guides, & c.
Tribe or Nation. - The Indians on the various reserves in this agency belong either to the Shuswap or Chilcoten tribe.
Vital Statistics. - The population of this agency is one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine, consisting of nine hundred and twenty-seven men and nine hundred and seventy-two women, being an increase of twenty-one compared with last year. During the year there were ninety-three births and seventy-two deaths.
Health and Sanitary Condition. - The majority of the causes of death were from pneumonia, la grippe, and a couple of cases from whooping cough. This disease did not extend beyond the Fountain and Pavilion Reserves.
Buildings. - The buildings at most of the reserves are of a substantial nature, made of hewn timber.
Farming Implements. - Each reserve is well supplied with farming implements.
Education. - The only school in this agency is the Williams Lake Industrial-school, at which fifty scholars attend, who are making rapid progress. There are about one hundred and fifty children of an age to attend school. The discipline and order are good. The parents of the children attending school take great interest in their progress.
Religion. - With the exception of thirty-seven, who are of the Church of England faith, the remainder are Roman Catholics. There is a church on nearly all the reserves, and the Indians manifest great interest in religion. At four of the reserves they have churches which cost about two thousand dollars each.
Characteristics and Progress. - As a rule these Indians are industrious and law-abiding.
Temperance and Morality. - The younger generation are more inclined to intemperance, but, on the whole, I think this is decreasing, owing to the strict enforcement of the Indian Act for such offences.
General Remarks. - I regret to state that at a dozen of the reserves early frost destroyed the greater portion of the grain and root crops, which necessitated relief being given to quite a number of destitute Indians.