Religion. - Of this band one hundred and fourteen are Episcopalians, forty-five are Roman Catholics, and seventy-one are heathens. There is only one church on this reserve presided over by Rev. Mr. Coates, who has done well; his people are devout and much interested in the affairs of their church. Only two Roman Catholic families live on the reserve, and there is no bickering over religion as at St. Peter's.
Temperance and Morality. - Such a case as a drunken Indian on this reserve I leave not heard of for five years. Their morals are not up to our standard, but they are improving year by year.
Location, Area and Resources. - This reserve is situated at the mouth of the Winnipeg River. It comprises some twenty-five thousand acres of wood land and muskeg with small hay meadows where dry it is composed of a heavy sandy loam in which everything grows most luxuriantly.
Tribe. - The Indians of this band are about one-half pure Ojibway and the others are Ojibway-French half-breeds.
Vital Statistics. - The population is four hundred and ninety-eight, consisting of two hundred and forty-two males and two hundred and fifty-six females, of whom two hundred and forty-two are children; there were twenty-seven births; fourteen children and six adults died, making an increase of births over deaths of seven. Some of the children died from whooping cough and other diseases peculiar to children, two of the adults died near Rat Portage, and the others from old age on the reserve.
Occupation. - A number of this band go off working at the saw-mills; others live at or near White Dog and a few work at Rat Portage. They do not always come for their annuities it pays them to let it accumulate, but they seldom stay more than a year it a time.
Alexander Kashaway lives near St. Boniface; his children are adopted by persons who live in that neighbourhood, and are paid through the Winnipeg office. I have never seen them.
The people of this band depend for a living almost entirely on fishing and hunting, but they supplement this by cultivating a small amount of grain, with potatoes, beans, pease, and all kinds of vegetables, of which there is always a surplus on the reserve, but this is accounted for by there being no market.
Buildings, Stock, & c. - Their buildings are improving, and they have quite a herd of cattle, but on account of poor bulls, rather in interior lot. They have a few horses and a number of pigs. They try to keep fowls, but with so many train dogs they are hard to keep.
Education. - There are two fine schools - one a Roman Catholic and the other a Protestant, with fifty-two children on the roll, while over forty are at the industrial schools. There are one hundred and thirty-nine children of school age. All who live on the reserve attend school at times, that is while their parents are at home, and weather permits. Miss Chevrefils and Mr. Donald Flett have done good work here, but there is a marked difference in the two schools in regard to speaking English. At the Roman Catholic school, the children almost all speak Indian and French, and do not seem to take to English; at the other schools they do not speak French, and are all beginning to speak English well. This is accounted for, I think, by the different class of books used; there is no doubt that the books of the metropolitan series are behind the age. I remember when the Rev. Father Madore was alive and taught this school, he asked for and received Gage's educational series of books, and there was a marked improvement, but it only listed a short time, as they went back to the old books. The parents are not very demonstrative in regard to their children's education, and send them more is a matter of custom or duty, and it is hard to get them to take wood or look after the buildings.
Religion. - There are two fine churches - one Roman Catholic, one Episcopal - and the people are very devout. Nothing can be more interesting on a fine Sunday in