Detailed information similar to that contained in former periodical will be found in the Appendix to be attached hereto in the statements marked consecutively from A to B.
It is proper to refer to such Indian Reserves in the Province of Quebec as it is anticipated will for the chief part be opened for settlement. There are the reserves in the Township of Viger near Isle Verte, in the County of Temiscouata, and Ouiatchouan, on Lake St. John Count, of Chicoutimi; Negotiations with the Indians owning which have been opened, with a view to the lands being yielded up and sold for their benefit, after providing for such families as have made improvements. In each, there is a fair proportion of land suitable for settlement.
With regard to the Indian lands at St. Francis, Yamaska, some of the most valuable of which had been taken possession of by white settlers, an inspection has been made, and the requisite steps taken to secure satisfactory payment for them. Many complaints having been made by the Iroquois of Caughnawaga of the intrusion of persons not of Indian origin, and some of whom plundered their lands of its timber, & c., others who illegally vended spirituous liquors, active measure were adopted for their removal and for the termination without delay of the abuses complained of.
It may be advisable here to make reference to the misunderstanding at the Seigniory of the Lake of Two Mountains. The bands of Iroquois and Algonquin Indians settled there, entertained the impression that they had rights in the soil. An examination of the title given by the French Crown to the gentlemen of the Seigniory of St. Sulpice, and also of different statutes since passed by Parliament, has proved that the Indians have in that Seigniory no rights whatever in the soil.
In the measures taken to remove the mis-aprehension the required explanations were given.
It having been found that the statutes in existence relating to Indian affairs required improvements for promoting the general welfare of the Indians; it is trusted that the new measure now in preparation, under your direction, will be found sufficient to meet not hitherto adequately provided for.
All which is submitted.W. SPRAGGE,
Ottawa, 10th April, 1869