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ARCHIVED - Through a Lens:
Dieppe in Photographs and Film

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Timeline

The Raid on Dieppe

19 August 1942

3:45 AM

Allied ships encounter a German convoy.
When Allied landing ships and their escorts encounter a German convoy, a battle ensues and the German defenses on the shore are alerted.

4:50 AM

No. 4 Commando lands near Vasterival.
No. 4 Commando successfully destroys a German shore battery and withdraws. The men meet little resistance during their part in the raid; however, the unit suffers twelve fatal casualties.

The South Saskatchewan Regiment reaches Pourville beach, west of the main Dieppe beach.
The landing occurs on schedule and the troops are able to surprise the German defenders. Being the first to land, the men of the South Saskatchewan Regiment encounter less resistance at Pourville than soldiers on the other parts of the beach. However, as the unit moves towards Dieppe, the German defenses become stronger and stronger. The South Saskatchewan is eventually pushed back. A good part of these troops are successfully evacuated despite 84 casualties.

5:06 AM

The Royal Regiment of Canada lands at Puys beach, east of the main Dieppe beach.
The landing is late and, as a result, the German troops are already prepared for an attack. The Canadians meet machine gun fire and are unable to advance up the beach. Close to 500 men are killed or taken as prisoners of war, and the unit is forced to surrender at 8:30 a.m.

5:10 AM

No. 3 Commando lands near Petit Berneval.
No. 3 Commando has mixed success in meeting its objectives. One element of the unit neutralizes the German shore battery. The other element meets stiff resistance on the shore and suffers casualties.

5:20 AM

The Cameron Highlanders follow behind the South Saskatchewan Regiment at Pourville beach.
The Cameron Highlanders are forced to confront the same machine gun fire as the South Saskatchewan Regiment and split into two groups. One group stays on the beach with the South Saskathchewan Regiment while the other moves inland. Because of fierce opposition, however, the Highlanders that move off the beach are stopped short of their planned destination. Although many men are successfully evacuated, the unit suffers 76 fatal casualties.

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry and the Essex Scottish Regiment land at the centre of the main beach area.
German troops are hidden up in the cliff tops and continuously sweep the beach with machine gun fire. A small number of men from the Essex make it through the German defenses to the town.

An inaccurate message is sent to the Headquarters ship and gives the impression that the Essex Scottish Regiment has successfully moved off the beach and is pushing into the town of Dieppe.

5:35 AM

14th Canadian Army Tank (Calgary) Regiment lands at the centre of the main beach to provide close support for the infantry.
Due to heavy fire from machine guns and mortars, the troops and tanks of the Calgary Regiment do not easily advance off the beach towards the town. Furthermore, the shingle rocks that cover the beaches break the treads of several tanks, and those that make it off the beach find that all the entrances into Dieppe are blocked with concrete barriers. Since the Canadians who are to blow open the way are dead or wounded, the tanks are trapped in front of the city. As a result, thirteen soldiers are killed, 33 are wounded and 138 are taken as prisoners of war.

7:00 AM

Les Fusiliers Mont Royal land at the centre of the main beach area.
After receiving the inaccurate message about the success of the Essex Regiment, General Roberts hopes to reinforce the landing and commits Les Fusiliers Mont Royal to the centre area of the main beach.

Les Fusiliers face the same machine gun and mortar barrage as the Essex and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, and suffer 119 fatal casualties.

9:30 AM

A general withdrawal message is sent, relaying the order that troops are to be withdrawn an hour and a half later.
Under battle conditions, it is very difficult to communicate the order to withdraw. As a result, 1,946 men are captured and made prisoners of war on the three beaches.

1:00 PM

Withdrawal is complete.
Operation JUBILEE ends, with 907 Canadians dead and more than 1,400 wounded.