Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

Print of an imaginary view of Canada, [1528]
1ère vue de Canada (First View of Canada), [1528]. Notice anything odd?
Source
Print of an imaginary scene of beaver-hunting in Canada, circa 1782
Beaver Hunting in Canada,
circa 1782
Source

ARCHIVED - Detecting the Truth.
Fakes, Forgeries and Trickery

Archived Content

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Educational Resources

Introduction

The Currency Museum of the Bank of Canada Learning Centre
www.currencymuseum.ca/home/learning-center/

The Bank of Canada connects students to "real world" issues in business, economics, civics, mathematics, history, geography and social studies, through its Currency Museum. Teachers and students can access a range of fun-filled educational resources, available in both English and French, that offer interactive learning methods and tie-ins with today's curricula. Created by teachers and banknote experts, they include the Counterfeit Detection program, the Inflation Busters interactive DVD, and the FREE What is Money? teacher's kit. To order the teacher's kit, please email: museum-musee@bankofcanada.ca or call 613-782-8914.

Critical Thinking Model: A Challenge
Is it a fake or a forgery?
Did it matter then?
Does it matter now?

Critical thinking is primarily concerned with developing sound judgment. Although the teacher nurtures the ability and inclination of students to think critically in answering questions, the students are, however, expected to think for themselves. The teacher will help students to appreciate the criteria for judging various options set before them, and to build their vocabulary about thinking and reasoning. As well, teachers will provide students with instruction on developing strategies for organizing and focusing their thinking, and for instilling mental habits such as openness to new ideas and intellectual perseverance. Students will necessarily acquire some knowledge of the topics of their research and analysis.

Overview:

The overarching critical thinking challenge invites students to decide which of various fake or forged documents held in the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) collection have sufficient historical value to be retained in the collection, and which should be purged to make room for new materials. Three supporting critical challenges help students arrive at their decisions:

  1. Distinguishing the Forgery from the Fake: Students examine various descriptions of historical deceptions and determine which are forgeries and which are fakes, then apply this knowledge to materials held in LAC's collection.
  2. Exploring the Historical Significance: Students decide the historical importance of materials found in the attic of a fictitious family member.
  3. Advise the Curator: Students advise LAC's curator about how to deal with the issue of too many documents and not enough space, and recommend which historical deceptions should be kept and which should be purged from the collection.

Learning Objectives:

  • understand the concepts "fake" and "forgery"
  • understand the historical significance of these concepts and their importance to historical thinking
  • appreciate the historical value of fake and forged documents
  • use criteria and evidence to reach a reasoned judgment

Summary of Activities

Below is a table summarizing the content presented in this educational resource.

Download Freeware

Title Description Alternate Formats
Unit Plan print all challenges and handouts [PDF 162 KB]
[RTF 3,212 KB]
Curriculum Connections   [PDF 38 KB]
[RTF 1,280 KB]
Critical Challenge - 1
Distinguishing the Forgery from the Fake
Students examine various descriptions of historical deceptions and determine which are forgeries and which are fakes, then apply this knowledge to materials held in LAC's collection. [PDF 119 KB]
[RTF 3,018 KB]
Student Handout - 1.1
Definitions of "fake" and "forgery"
  [PDF 32 KB]
[RTF 1,236 KB]
Student Handout - 1.2
Historical Deceptions!
  [PDF 43 KB]
[RTF 1,296 KB]
Critical Challenge - 2
Exploring the Historical Significance
Students decide the historical importance of materials found in the attic of a fictitious family member. [PDF 45 KB]
[RTF 1,253 KB]
Student Handout - 2.1
Artifacts from Great-Aunt Bessie's Attic
  [PDF 34 KB]
[RTF 1,255 KB]
Critical Challenge - 3
Advise the Curator
Students advise LAC's curator about how to deal with the issue of too many documents and not enough space, and recommend which historical deceptions should be kept and which should be purged from the collection [PDF 34 KB]
[RTF 1,238 KB]
Student Handout - 3.1
Identifying Fakes and Forgeries
  [PDF 39 KB]
[RTF 1,256 KB]
Student Handout - 3.2
Assessing Historical Significance
  [PDF 34 KB]
[RTF 1,248 KB]
Student Handout - 3.3
Recommendation to the Curator
  [PDF 33 KB]
[RTF 1,252 KB]