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Serious amateurs were individuals who often belonged to highly organized camera clubs, competed in club salons or exhibitions, had much knowledge of technological processes and sometimes went on to open their own studios. In Canada, the serious amateur could usually be distinguished by his or her strong adherence to certain photographic styles; for example, romantic pictorialism dominated salons until the late 1920s. By the 1930s, modernism became the trend, ushered in, partly, by the internationalization of the art movement and further technological changes to photographic processes.