Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

Genealogy and Family History


Any person from whom another person is directly descended, for example, parents, grandparents, great-grandparents and so on.
The group of people from whom a person is descended.
The moment a person is born.
Border entry:
The location on land where new immigrants first enter a country.
Features that distinguish people or places from others.
Country of origin:
The country in which a person is born.
Cultural mosaic:
A country like Canada wherein many different cultures thrive and preserve their distinguishing characteristics.
Cultural diversity:
A country or region inhabited by people from many different ethnic backgrounds.
The arts, beliefs, habits, institutions and other human endeavours considered together as being characteristic of a particular community, people or nation.
The moment a person dies.
Departure from a vessel or aircraft.
A person's children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, great-great-grandchildren and so on.
Boarding a vessel or aircraft or setting out on a journey.
A person who leaves a country to live in another.
Leaving one country to live in another.
Family events:
Events that are meaningful or significant to a specific family.
Family history:
The reconstruction of the daily lives of a person's ancestors based on information gathered and the writing of their biographies.
Family tree:
A chart that shows how people in a family are related to each other.
A person who specializes in studying the history of a family.
The study of a person's ancestors and the collection of information (names, dates) about that family.
People born about the same time and related to a person at the same level (parents, grandparents, great-grandparents). A period of approximately 30 years separates each generation.
Given name:
The name parents give their child at birth.
Heraldic symbols:
Official symbols granted to a family (coats of arms, blazons, etc.).
Physical or psychological traits passed on to children by their parents.
A person who enters into a new country to settle there.
A person's entry into a new country to settle there.
Maiden name:
A woman's family name before marriage. Some women keep their maiden names after marriage, while others take their husband's surname.
The legal union of two people who have chosen to spend their lives together.
Maternal ancestor
An ancestor on the mother's side of the family.
Movement from one place to another.
A number of distinct cultural groups living within a country or region.
Paternal ancestor:
An ancestor on the father's side of the family.
Point of entry:
The first place (border entry or port) immigrants arrive when entering a country.
A city or town having a harbour where ships or boats take on or unload cargo or passengers.
Pull factors:
Reasons people choose a new country or location in which to live.
Push factors:
Reasons people leave their country or home to move to another.
The isolation and restriction placed on the movement of people or animals to prevent the spreading of a dangerous or contagious disease.
A person connected to a family by birth or marriage.
A person's brother or sister.
A husband or wife.
A person's family name or last name.
How something is done following step-by-step procedures.
A table outlining the schedule of events for successive years within a particular historical period.
The celebration of the union of two people in marriage.