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Genealogy and Family History

Youth Corner

Genealogy at School

5th to 8th Grades

Migration Challenge!

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Hello fellow genealogist! Let's see what you have learned. Here are seven questions on genealogy and migration. Once you have answered them, we have another quiz for you, provided that you are brave enough.

We will see if you are a true GGG-a Galactic Genealogical Genius!

Level 1

Choose the word that best describes each term or fact. Good luck!

Question 1:

A person who leaves one country to move to another is ...

  1. An emigrant
  2. An immigrant
  3. An ancestor

Question 2:

A person who comes to live in a new country is ...

  1. An emigrant
  2. An immigrant
  3. An ancestor

Question 3:

A person who moves to another location within a country is ...

  1. An immigrant
  2. A migrant
  3. An ancestor

Question 4:

Many people came to Canada between 1896 and 1914 because of the offer of free land. This is an example of a...

  1. Push factor
  2. Destination
  3. Pull factor

Question 5:

Many Tibetan people fled their country in 1971 to escape the Chinese army. This is an example of a...

  1. Push factor
  2. Destination
  3. Pull factor

Question 6:

The first place an immigrant arrives when entering a country is...

  1. A port
  2. A border entry
  3. A port or a border entry

Question 7:

Research done using a step-by-step procedure is called...

  1. Systematic
  2. Random
  3. Recorded

Level 2

Now let's see if you will reach GGG status. For this quiz you really need to think.

Complete each statement with the best explanation. Good luck!

Question 1:

Over one-third of the original settlers who came to live in New France in 1604 died during the first winter because...

  1. they couldn't find any fruits and vegetables to eat in the wintertime.
  2. they hadn't been in Canada long enough to properly prepare for the long, cold winters.
  3. they didn't bring enough warm clothing to protect them from the cold.

Question 2:

More than 40,000 United Empire Loyalists came to live in Canada after the American Revolution because...

  1. their homes in the United States were burned and their belongings were stolen.
  2. Great Britain offered them free land and supplies if they came to live in Canada.
  3. after the Seven Years' War, Canada became a British colony.

Question 3:

The Aboriginal Peoples did many things to help early immigrants cope with the challenges of living in Canada. The best way to describe this is...

  1. the Aboriginal Peoples showed the early settlers how to use the bark of trees to help prevent scurvy.
  2. the Aboriginal Peoples taught the early immigrants about new foods and ways to travel.
  3. the Aboriginal Peoples showed the early settlers how to use nature to help them adapt to life in their new home.

Question 4:

Quarantine stations set up in 1832 after a major outbreak of cholera were not very successful because...

  1. they didn't improve sanitation, which was the real cause of the spread of disease.
  2. they didn't detain immigrants long enough.
  3. many immigrants avoided going to the stations by leaving the ships at an earlier port.

Question 5:

About 30,000 Black Americans were able to come to live in Canada between 1840 and 1860 because...

  1. the network of people known as the Underground Railroad helped slaves escape to Canada.
  2. they were running away from slavery in the United States.
  3. Canada didn't allow slavery.

Question 6:

The population of Canada doubled between 1851 and 1891 because...

  1. the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway made it easier to travel to the Canadian West.
  2. the Canadian government did everything it could to encourage immigration to the Canadian West.
  3. the Cariboo Gold Rush attracted many new settlers to British Columbia.

Question 7:

Between 1945 and 1960 more than two million immigrants came to Canada because...

  1. the Second World War resulted in many refugees from Europe seeking a new home.
  2. soldiers returning home from the Second World War brought their brides with them.
  3. the economy began to boom in Canada after the Second World War, creating lots of new job opportunities.

Question 8:

Many refugees came to Canada between 1960 and 1970 because...

  1. in 1967, Canada accepted immigrants to celebrate its 100th birthday.
  2. Canada passed a new immigration law, which eliminated discrimination based on race, religion and colour.
  3. the Soviet Union began to crush political movements initiated by people seeking political change.

Question 9:

Since 1980, Canadian society has become increasingly multicultural because...

  1. wars in countries such as Vietnam and Yugoslavia have created a large population of refugees.
  2. in 1997, when the People's Republic of China resumed power of Hong Kong, many people moved from Hong Kong to Canada.
  3. of generous immigration policies, which allow more refugees to come to Canada from many different countries.

Question 10:

Canada is often described as a cultural mosaic because...

  1. it encourages immigrants to leave behind their own culture and blend into Canadian society.
  2. it encourages immigrants to preserve their culture as part of their new life in Canada.
  3. it has English and French as its two official languages.


Level I

1. a
2. b
3. b
4. c
5. a
6. c
7. a

Level 2

1. b
2. b
3. c
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. c
8. b
9. c
10. b