Library and Archives Canada
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Genealogy and Family History

How to Begin

Guides

Researching Your Aboriginal Ancestry at Library and Archives Canada

Part II: Using the Library and Archives Canada Web Site

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Online Records and Databases

On-site research at Library and Archives Canada can use all non-restricted search tools, such as on-site databases and written or typed finding aids and guides. In addition, limited searches can also be performed using the online databases and guides on the Library and Archives Canada Web site.

To determine which records to consult, researchers might find it useful to follow a line of self-questioning as in the following short example:

Q: Was my ancestor a status (registered) Indian?

A: If this person was alive in 1951, the Indian registers are the first place to look for information. If the person died before 1951, there are many other records to consult, including annuity pay lists (if the person lived in a treaty area), membership lists, Indian census lists and so on. See the various types of records described in Part I of this guide under "RG 10 records of particular interest".

Q: Where would I find a record of my Indian ancestor's will or other estate information?

A: The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds (RG 10) contains estate files and wills.

Q: Was my Indian ancestor a veteran of the First World War?

A: The Soldiers of the First World War 1914-1918 database can be searched by name. If information is located, RG 10 records can then also be searched to see if the Department of Indian Affairs created any other relevant records about this military service.

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