Though it is believed that Ukrainians began arriving in North America since European exploration of the continent, there are no records of arrival for this earlier period. The first recorded Ukrainian settlers arrived in Canada in 1891 when two immigrants, Vasyl Eleniak and Ivan Pylypiw, from the Galicia province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire landed in Montreal. Within the years that followed, tens of thousands of Ukrainians arrived in Canada. Most Ukrainian immigrants of this period were identified on government records as arriving from their respective provinces in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as Poles, Russians, or Austrians. The vast majority of these immigrants settled in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta where they obtained land to farm. Others who preferred industrial occupations settled in various towns in Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, and British Columbia. Approximately 150,000 Ukrainian immigrants arrived between 1891 and 1914.
During the First World War, Ukrainians from Galicia were classified as enemy aliens by the Government of Canada and over 5,000 Ukrainian Canadians were interned in camps. Ukrainian language schools were closed and the Ukrainian language press restricted. Regardless of this, over 10,000 Ukrainian Canadians fought in the War, with many anglicizing their names to avoid discrimination.
The second large wave of immigration from the Ukraine occurred after the First World War when the Ukraine became a part of the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. These refugees were welcomed by the already established Ukrainian communities. The Ukrainian Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant churches had parishes in most Ukrainian centres and these establishments were important places for social gathering.
Over 40,000 Ukrainian Canadians fought in the Second World War. After the end of this war, there was a third wave of Ukrainian immigration to Canada. These were mostly refugees who began arriving from all over Europe in 1947. By 1952, over 32,000 new Ukrainian immigrants had settled in Canada. Most of these immigrants settled in the industrial regions of Quebec and Ontario.
Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers (LI-RA-MA) collection (MG 30 E406)
The Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers (LI-RA-MA) collection consists of documents created by the Imperial Russian Consular offices in Canada during the period from 1898 to 1922. The Passport/Identity Papers series consists of about 11,400 files on Russian immigrants from the Imperial Russian Empire who settled in Canada, including Jews, Ukrainians and Finns. The index and digitized images of the files of the Passport/Identity Papers series are available online.
Canadian Ukrainian Youth Association, 1926-1969 (MG 28 V15)
The Canadian Ukrainian Youth Association was established in 1930 with the purpose of promoting educational, cultural, and social activities. The National Executive was formed in 1933. In 1935, the society expanded to include branches in Eastern Canada and the Eastern Executive was formed. This fonds consists of records of the Eastern and National Executives, correspondence, conventions, and photographs.
Reverend Michael Fesenko, 1912-1976 (MG 30 D226)
Reverend Fosenko was the pastor of a Ukrainian congregation of the Presbyterian Church in Toronto from 1929 to 1976. Fonds includes church records, registers of memberships, and marriage and communion administrative records.
St. George's Parish, Grimsby, Ontario, 1943-1974 (MG 31 H44)
This sub-series contains a marriage register (1949-1974), reports of executive members, and copies of parish minute books.
St. Demetrius' Parish, Toronto, Ontario, 1961-1967 (MG 31 H44)
This sub-series includes church bulletins, correspondence, and membership lists.
Immigration Branch, Central Registry Files (RG76)
Library and Archives Canada also holds other private records regarding Ukrainian families. Consult the Archives Search database using keywords such as a surname or an organization name.
Archives of Ukraine
Saskatchewan Archives Board
Thunder Bay Historical Museum Archival Holdings
Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada
Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography Pioneer Settlers of Manitoba 1891-1900 edited by Vladimir J. Kaye, 1975.
Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography Pioneer Settlers of Alberta 1891-1900 edited by Vladimir J. Kaye, 1984.
The Ukrainians in Canada, by O.W. Gerus and J.E. Rea
Ukrainian Genealogy: A Beginner's Guide by John D. Pihach
Consult our Bibliography for further information on this topic.
Search for other books on Ukrainians in AMICUS, using authors, titles or subject keywords such as:
Community and Family Histories of Ukrainians in Canada
East European Genealogical Society
Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Genealogy of Halychyna / Eastern Galicia
Hamburg Passenger Lists
Jewish Web Index / Ukraine
Saskatchewan Genealogical Society Cemetery Index
Saskatchewan Homestead Index
Toronto Ukrainian Genealogy Group
Ukraine Genealogy Forum
Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Centre
Ukrainian Collection of John Luczkiw of Multicultural Canada
Ukrainian Collection of Multicultural Canada
Ukrainian Genealogy Group - National Capital Region
Ukrainian Genealogy Group - Prince Edward Island
Ukrainian Immigration to Alberta
Ukrainian Research Page