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Genealogy and Family History

What to Search: Topics

Census and Enumerations


What Census Are Available

The following list identifies the main series of our census holdings and some of the scattered earlier returns. Information about earlier census returns can be found in the Census Records: Finding Aid 300 [PDF 1,670 KB].

N Nominal returns listing all members of households.
HF Returns listing heads of families only.

Newfoundland
 
1691, 1693
N
1704
HF
1921, 1935, 1945
N
Plaisance only:
 
1671, 1673
N
1698, 1706, 1711
HF
 
Acadia
 
1671 - 1753
N et HF
 
Nova Scotia
 
1770 - 1838
HF
1851, 1861
HF
1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
Prince Edward Island
 
1841, 1861
HF
1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
New Brunswick
 
1851, 1861, 1871
N
1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
Quebec
 
1666 - 1681
N
1825, 1831, 1842
HF
1851, 1861, 1871
N
1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
Ontario
 
1842, 1848, 1850
HF
1851, 1861, 1871
N
1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
Manitoba
 
1870
N
1881, 1891, 1901, 1906, 1911, 1916
N
Red River only:
 
1831 - 1849
HF
 
Saskatchewan
 
1881, 1891, 1901, 1906, 1911, 1916
N
 
Alberta
 
1881, 1891, 1901, 1906, 1911, 1916
N
 
British Columbia
 
1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
N
Victoria City, 1891
HF
 
Yukon Territory
 
1891, 1901, 1911
N
 
Northwest Territories
 
1891, 1901, 1911
N
 

Notes:

  • Returns prior to 1851 are rarely complete for any geographical area. Portions of the 1851 Census have not survived.
  • Alberta, Saskatchewan and northern British Columbia were enumerated as territories prior to 1906.
  • In 1891, institutions (convents, hospitals, asylums, etc.) were enumerated separately in one block and appear on microfilm reel T-6427.
  • In 1901, most of the Indian agencies were enumerated separately and appear on microfilm reels T-6554 and T-6555.