Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, v1.1
A name given to the resource.
Typically, a Title will be a name by which the resource is formally known.
To assist in identifying the record.
To describe the content of the record.
"Registration specifies the following metadata as a minimum: … c) a title or abbreviated description..." ISO Technical Report 15489-2, s. 4.3.3
"A useable record is one that can be located, retrieved, presented and interpreted." ISO International Standard 15489-1, s. 7.2.5
"The primary purpose of registration is to provide evidence that a record has been created or captured in a records system, and an additional benefit is that it facilitates retrieval. It involves recording brief descriptive information or metadata about the record and assigning the record an identifier, unique within the system." ISO International Standard 15489-1, s. 9.4
"The movement of records should be documented to ensure that items can always be located when required. Tracking mechanisms may record the item identifier, the title…" ISO International Standard 15489-1, s. 9.8.3
"Metadata should be used to identify records and facilitate their retrievability and usability in records systems. A records system should provide ready access to all relevant records and their related metadata." ISO Technical Specification 23081-1, s. 9.2.3
"Metadata for accessibility should do the following … e) document descriptive information that facilitates record use and understanding, such as … title …." ISO Technical Specification 23081-1, s. 220.127.116.11
"Ongoing description is necessary to keep the records meaningful for use." ISO Technical Specification 23081-1, s. 18.104.22.168
Non-enumerated strings of text representing titles.
Applicable at record level only.
Mandatory at record level.
Conditions of Application - Record
Pre Record Declared Locked
Post Record Declared Locked
Yes, by authorized official only.
Conditions of Application - File
Comments and Guidance
a) Explanation of Definition/Usage
This element is used to distinguish one record from another.
This element should not be confused with the element File Name which distinguishes one file from another.
b) Best Practices
Meaningful titles shall be assigned for accessibility, speed of identification, and to facilitate control. Business rules should be created for document titling conventions.
Since the metadata record acts as a surrogate of the actual resource, the title used in the metadata element should match the title used within the content of the record itself. It is not the same as the name of the digital file (e.g. the name a user assigns to a Microsoft Word file)
In the case of a memo or email, in the absence of a title, the "Subject:" line should be used.
However, not all records (e.g. executive correspondence, image files, etc.) contain titles. In such cases, end-users may supply a user-defined title in order to facilitate searching and disambiguate one record from another. Without a meaningful title, individual records would have to be viewed in order to locate the one required. It is recommended that institutions create business rules for the identification of titles constructed by an end-user (e.g. the use of square brackets to frame a user-supplied title).
In addition, each institution requires business rules dictating the application of bilingual titles to records.
If the title of a record is not deemed to be meaningful, an authorized official can change the title even after the record has been locked; best practice is to only add information to the existing title for clarity and not alter the supplied title.
This element is deemed mandatory because it is a fundamental records management requirement.
d) Default Values/Auto-populate
If the record is an email, this element may be auto-populated with the "Subject:" line.