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An Act respecting the transfer of the Natural Resources of
When the three Prairie provinces entered Confederation (Manitoba in 1870, and
Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905) they were not given control over their natural
resources -- a right awarded to all of Canada's other provinces under the
British North America Act. The federal government retained control to oversee
its goal of quickly integrating the West into the Canadian economy. But the inequality
became a "cause célèbre" in western Canada, where provincial
concerns were seen to take second-class status to national goals. The Natural
Resources Transfer Acts recognized the imbalance and gave the Prairie provinces
jurisdiction to their crown lands and natural resources.