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Canadians' attitudes towards immigration changed during the first three decades of the 20th century, in part as a result of their waning optimism in the potential of the "last best west." The Canadian government created new, more restrictive immigration legislation as it struggled to rationalize its policies while balancing conflicting national, business, labour, and public interests.
In this section you can explore the Asian immigrant experience
in No Right of Passage (which details some Chinese
and South Asian perspectives) and The Japanese Exclusion;
delve into the details of Canada's developing deportation policy in The
Undesirables; learn about the collaborative attempts made by Britain and Canada
to entice more British settlers to immigrate in Settlement
Schemes; and get a backstage look at the debate stirred up by the government's
controversial decision to allow the national railways to recruit agricultural
immigrants in central and eastern Europe in The Official