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The genesis of post-First World War settlement schemes began in Britain during the war as a plan to settle ex-service men and women throughout the Empire. An Overseas Settlement Committee was established and, for the first time, the British government took a direct interest in emigration. Legislation was passed, agreements were entered into with the various Dominions, and potential emigrants were recruited and selected to resettle in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. These initiatives made the 1920s a unique decade in the history of British immigration to Canada.