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Watercolour illustration of Lake of Killarney, Ireland, circa 1820


Lake of Killarney, Ireland (circa 1820)

ARCHIVED - The Shamrock and the Maple Leaf
Irish-Canadian Documentary Heritage at Library and Archives Canada

Archived Content

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Further Research

Essay Themes

The following list of published resources was compiled by the contributors to The Shamrock and the Maple Leaf. Other works relevant to the study of Irish-Canadian history and culture are reproduced at Early Canadiana Online

Collective Memory

Gathercole, P.W., and David Lowenthal, eds. The Politics of the Past. Vol. 12. London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Halbwachs, Maurice, and Lewis A. Coser. On Collective Memory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Hobsbawm, E.J., and T.O. Ranger, eds. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Lowenthal, David. The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

McCarthy, Mark. Ireland's Heritages: Critical Perspectives on Memory and Identity. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate Pub., 2005.

Nora, Pierre. Rethinking France = Les lieux de memoire. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Renan, Ernest. Qu'est-ce qu'une nation. Rev. ed. No. 178. Paris: Mille et une nuits, 1997.

Whelan, Kevin. "The Revisionist Debate in Ireland." Boundary 2. Vol. 31, no. 1 (2004), p. 179-205.


Bridge, Carl, and Kent Fedorowich. "Mapping the British World." The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. Vol. 31, no. 2 (2003), p. 1-15.

Elliott, Bruce S. Irish Migrants in the Canadas: A New Approach. Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1988.

Houston, Cecil J., and William J. Smyth. Irish Emigration and Canadian Settlement: Patterns, Links and Letters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Mannion, John, and C. Grant Head. "The Migratory Fisheries." Plate 45 in Dean, William J. et al. (eds.) A Concise Historical Atlas of Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

O'Grady, Brendan. Exiles and Islanders: The Irish Settlers of Prince Edward Island. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004

Rural Communities

Akenson, Donald H. The Irish in Ontario: a Study in Rural History. Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1984.

Houston, Cecil J., and William J. Smyth. Irish Emigration and Canadian Settlement: Patterns, Links and Letters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Elliott, Bruce S. Irish Migrants in the Canadas: A New Approach. Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1988.

Grace, Robert J. The Irish in Québec: an Introduction to the Historiography. Québec: Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture, 1993.

Mannion, John J. Irish Settlements in Eastern Canada: A Study of Cultural Transfer and Adaptation. Toronto: Published for the University of Toronto, Department of Geography, by the University of Toronto Press, 1974.

Urban Communities

*Population data, including place of birth and origins, are extracted from the printed colonial and Dominion census, using census territorial divisions, from 1844 to 1901. Pre-Confederation census data, as well as the first census of the Dominion, are abstracted in Censuses of Canada, 1665 to 1871, Statistics of Canada, Vol. 4. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1876.

Clarke, Brian P. Piety and Nationalism: Lay Voluntary Associations and the Creation of an Irish-Catholic Community in Toronto, 1850-1895. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1993.

Cottrell, Michael S. "St. Patrick's Day Parades in Nineteenth-Century Toronto: A Study of Immigrant Adjustment and Elite Control." Histoire sociale / Social History. Vol. 25, no. 49 (1992), p. 57-73.

Darroch, A. Gordon, and Michael D. Ornstein. "Ethnicity and Occupational Structure in Canada in 1871: The Vertical Mosaic in Historical Perspective." Canadian Historical Review. Vol. 61, no. 3 (1980), p. 305-333.

"Ethnicity and Class: Transitions Over a Decade, Ontario, 1861-1871." Canadian Historical Association Historical Papers (1984), p. 111-137.

"The Geopolitics of the Irish-Canadian Parish in Nineteenth-Century Montréal." Journal of Historical Geography. Vol. 27, no. 4 (2001), p. 553-572.

Houston, Cecil J., and William J. Smyth. Irish Emigration and Canadian Settlement: Patterns, Links and Letters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

James, Kevin. "Dynamics of Ethnic Associational Culture in a Nineteenth-Century City: Saint Patrick's Society of Montréal, 1834-56." Canadian Journal of Irish Studies. Vol. 26, no. 1 (2000), p. 47-66.

Jenkins, W. "Between the Lodge and the Meeting-House: Mapping Irish Protestant Identities and Social Worlds in Late Victorian Toronto." Social & Cultural Geography. Vol. 4, no. 1 (2003), p. 75-98.

Kealey, Gregory S. "The Orange Order in Toronto: Religious Riot and the Working Class." Essays in Canadian Working Class History. Edited by Gregory S. Kealey and Peter Warrian. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1976, p. 13-34.

_____. Toronto Workers Respond to Industrial Capitalism, 1867-1892. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980.

McGowan, Mark G. The Waning of the Green: Catholics, the Irish, and Identity in Toronto, 1887-1922. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999.

McGowan, Mark G., and Brian P. Clarke. Catholics at the "Gathering Place": Historical Essays on the Archdiocese of Toronto, 1841-1991. Toronto: Canadian Catholic Historical Association, 1993.

Murphy, Terrence, and Cyril J. Byrne, eds. Religion and Identity: The Experience of Irish and Scots Catholics in Atlantic Canada. St. John's, Newfoundland: Jesperson Press, 1987.

Nicolson, Murray. "The Irish Experience in Ontario: Urban or Rural?" Urban History Review. Vol. 14, no. 1 (1985), p. 37-45.

_____. "Irish Tridentine Catholicism in Victorian Toronto: Vessel for Ethno-Religious Persistence." Prophets, Priests and Prodigals: Readings in Canadian Religious History, 1608 to the Present. Edited by Mark G. McGowan and David Marshall. Toronto: Mc-Graw-Hill Ryerson, 1992, p. 117-34.

Olson, Sherry. "Ethnic Partition of the Work Force in 1840s Montréal." Labour / Le Travail. Vol. 53 (2004), p. 157-200.

Olson, Sherry, and Patricia Thornton. "The Challenge of the Irish Catholic Community in Nineteenth-Century Montréal." Histoire sociale / Social History. Vol. 35, no. 70 (2002), p. 331-362.

Power, Thomas P. The Irish in Atlantic Canada, 1780-1900. Fredericton: New Ireland Press, 1991.

Punch, Terrence. "The Irish Catholics: Halifax's First Minority Group." Nova Scotia Historical Quarterly. Vol. 10, no. 1 (1980), p. 23-29.

Trigger, Rosalyn. "Irish Politics on Parade: The Clergy, National Societies, and St. Patrick's Day Processions in Nineteenth-Century Montréal and Toronto." Histoire sociale / Social History. Vol. 37, no. 74 (2004), p. 159-199.

Winder, Gordon M. "Trouble in the North End: The Geography of Social Violence in Saint John, 1840-1860." Acadiensis. Vol. 29, no. 2 (2000), p. 27-57.


Ballstadt, Carl. "Thomas D'Arcy McGee as a Father of Canadian Literature." Studies in Canadian Literature. Vol. 1 (1976), p. 85-95.

Bentley, D.M.R., ed., with contributions and appendices by Charles R. Steele. The Huron Chief. By Adam Kidd. 1830. London, [Ontario]: Canadian Poetry Press, 1987.

_____. "Isaac Weld and the Continuity of Canadian Poetry." Biography and Autobiography: Essays of Irish and Canadian History and Literature. Edited by James Noonan. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1993, p. 223-36.

_____. "Thomas Moore's Construction of Upper Canada in 'Ballad Stanzas.'" Canadian Poetry: Studies, Documents, Reviews. Vol. 35 (1994), p. 1-10.

Holmgren, Michele. "Native Muses and National Poetry: Nineteenth-Century Irish-Canadian Poets." Doctoral dissertation, University of Western Ontario, 1997.

Kidd, Adam. The Huron Chief. Edited by D.M.R. Bentley; with contributions and appendices by Charles R. Steele. London, [Ontario]: Canadian Poetry Press, 1987.

Moore, Thomas. The Life and Death of Lord Edward Fitzgerald. 2 vols. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1831.

_____. The Poetical Works of Thomas Moore. Edited by A.D. Godley. London: Oxford University Press, 1910.

Phelan, Josephine. The Ardent Exile: The Life and Times of Thomas D'Arcy McGee. Toronto: Macmillan, 1951.

Verney, Jack. O'Callaghan: The Making and Unmaking of a Rebel. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1994.