For More Information,
the ILL Application Standards
Library and Archives Canada
Last Update: 2002/09/13
Interlibrary Loan Application Standards Maintenance Agency
Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Protocol
Abbreviation or Acronym
|ABN||Australian Bibliographic Network|
|ACSE||Association Control Service Element|
|AIDA||Alternatives for International Document Availability||ILDRMS based on ISO/ILL standard, under development by 10-partner consortium from Italy, Portugal and France. Lead partner in project which ran during 1994 and 1995 was Studio Staff Srl, Rome.|
|ALD||Class = A (application profile requiring the connection-mode transport service)
Category = LD (Library and Documentation)
|ISO label established using conventions of ISO TR1000 for ISP standard concerned with a library and documentation application profile requiring the connection-mode transport service|
|AMH||Class = A (application profile requiring the connection-mode transport service)
Category = MH (Message Handling)
|Label established using conventions of ISO TR1000 for ISP standard concerned with a message handling application profile requiring the connection-mode transport service|
|AOW||Asian and Oceanic Workshop||One of the ISO Regional Workshops to feed into the international standardization process|
|APDU||Application Protocol Data Unit||A unit of data which conforms to a protocol standard and which is exchanged between application layer protocol entities.|
|ARL||Association of Research Libraries|
|ASE||Application Service Element|
|ASN||Abstract Syntax Notation|
|ASN.1||Abstract Syntax Notation one||The rules for defining data structures transmitted over an OSI network.--Tech Encyclopedia ISO 8824: 1990 Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)|
|ASO||Application Service Object||Specification of an ASO includes precise details of how and when an ISO protocol service may be invoked|
|ATS||Abstract Test Suite||A general test suite which contains all possible tests for verifying all possible options available in a specific protocol.|
|AV-CC||Australian Vice-Chancellorsí Committee|
|AV-CC [III]||Australian Vice-Chancellorsí Committee, National Priority (Reserve) Fund Library Projects Program 2(a)-Improved Information Infrastructure||Partner in JEDDS|
|Base Standards|| The phrase " A set of base standards" can be interpreted in two ways:
|BER||Basic Encoding Rules||ISO 8825: 1990 Specification of Basic Encoding Rules of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)|
|BIDS||Bath Information Data Services||Funded by JISC|
|BLDSC||British Library Document Supply Centre|
|BUBL||Bulletin Board for Libraries||JISC-funded information services based at the University of Strathclyde|
|CCG||Conforms to the CONTU [U.S.] Guidelines on Photocopying under Interlibrary Loan Arrangements|
|CCITT||Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy||now ITU-I|
|CCL||Conforms to [U.S.] Copyright Law|
|CEC||Commission for the European Community; Commission des Communautées Européennes||CEC funds several ILL/DD projects under the Action Programme for Libraries|
|CFP||Copyright Paid Fee|
|CIGOS||Canadian Interest Group on Open Systems|
|CILLA||Co-ordinated InterLibrary Loan Administration Project||Australian project to develop a local ILDRMS to handle all of adminstration and management of interlending and document delivery operations. System specs specify compliance with international standards, including ISO ILL.|
|CMI||Copyright Management Information||information associated with a copyrighted work, including, but not limited to, the name and other identifying information of the copyright owner (e.g., terms and conditions of uses of the work and identification codes such as the ISBN)|
|CONTU||National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyright Works [U.S.]|
|COS||Corporation for National Research Initiatives|
See also: connectionless, Transmission Control Protocol
See FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary for related terms: circuit switching, packet switching.
|The data communication method in which communication proceeds through three well-defined phases: connection establishment, data transfer, connection release. TCP is a connection-oriented protocol.|
See also: connection-oriented, UDP.
See FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary for related terms: circuit switching, packet switching.
|The data communication method in which communication occurs between hosts with no previous setup. Packets between two hosts may take different routes, as each is independent of the other. UDP is a connectionless protocol.|
|COS||Corporation for Open Systems||U.S. OSI conformance testing centre, a not-for-profit R&D consortium, founded in 1986, that was dedicated to assuring acceptance of worldwide open standards. It closed its doors 10 years later.|
|CSIRO||Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization||Australian, similar to National Research Council Canada|
|CTS-WAN||Conformance Testing Services in Wide-Area-Network||European programme, doing OSI testing services on behalf of the CEC|
|CULR||Common Upper Layer Requirements||ISP 11188-1|
|DALI||Document And Library Integration||CEC project, targeted at the marine domaine, and which ran from 1995 to 1997, developed a service for multimedia document delivery over Z39.50 within a library-based infrastructure. It used the Z39.50 Item Order service to request documents, following on with the ISO ILL protocol running over TCP/IP to complete the item order/delivery process. Co-ordinating partner was Fretwell-Downing Data Systems Ltd. Other partners included Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (UK), University College Dublin and Computer Networks and Distributed Systems Research Group (Greece).|
|DAP||Directory Access Protocol||X.500 protocol used for communication between a Directory User
Agent and a Directory System Agent.
|DBV||Deutscher Bibliotheksverbund||Network of German bibliographic databases|
|DBV-OSI II||Phase two of this project to provide the ability to search a network of German bibliographic databases will include the implementation of the ILL protocol for request and tracking of returnable items. Partners include PICA (Netherlands) and Deutsches Bibliothek and many other German partners.|
|DGXIII||Directorate-General XIII (European Commission)||DG XIIIís work focused on supporting the development of the European information highways, i.e., active promotion of trans-European interconnected advanced communications networks, general electronic services (such as e-mail) and telematic applications.
DGXIII encompassed the following main activities:
-- Whoís who in DGXIII? 1996
|DGXIII/E-4||Telematics for Libraries|
|DSC||Document Supply Centre||Responder (AIDA)|
|DSA||Directory System Agent||The software that provides the X.500 Directory Service for a
portion of the directory information base. Generally, each DSA is
responsible for the directory information for a single
organization or organizational unit.
An X.500 program that looks up the address of a recipient in a Directory Information Base (DIB), also known as white pages. It accepts requests from the DUA counterpart in the workstation.
|DUA||Directory User Agent||The software that accesses the X.500 Directory Service on behalf
of the directory user. The directory user may be a person or another software element.
|EDDIS||Electronic Document Delivery: the Integrated Solution||One of the eLib projects(1996- ) aiming to improve information delivery by increased use of electronic library services. The aim of EDDIS, a consortium involving the Universities of East Anglia (lead partner), Lancaster and Stirling, BIDS (University of Bath) and BL, is to produce an integrated, end user driven mechanism which will provide an identification, holdings, discovery, ordering and electronic supply service for non-returnable items. The system will incorporate the ISO ILL protocol for the ordering and loan managemnet services. To be designed so that it can be used in all UK higher education libraries. Example of ILDRMS|
|EDIFACT||Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce & Transport||ISO standard for EDI (Electronic Data Interchange)|
|EDIL||Electronic Document Interchange between Libraries||CEC project set up as an implememtation of the GEDI model (Agreements of the Group on Electronic Document Interchange for Electronic Document Delivery) for document delivery between national libraries in France, Netherlands, UK and Germany. It used the ISO ILL protocol to transmit requests for scanned documents between the libraries.|
|EFILA||European Forum for Implementors of Library Automation||EFILA is the focal point for European implementors of library applications. Initiated by the EWOS Expert Group on Library Applications, in collaboration with the European Commission DGXIII/E-4 Telematics for libraries, a forum of implementors, manufacturers, users and others interested in library automation|
|eLib||Electronic Libraries Programme||UK programme with funding from the Highter Education Funding bodies in England, Scotland and Wales to sponsor electronic library projects which will develop distributed library services for the UK Higher Education community, projects which emphasize the use of internationally agreed standards, including the ISO ILL protocol, such as EDDIS, SEREN, MODELS and LAMDA.|
|EURILIA||European Initiative in Library and Information in Aerospace||EURILIA is a three year project, which is part funded by the Commission for the European Community's Action Programme.
The aims and objectives of the project are intended to enhance the teaching and research activity that underpins the aerospace sector.
From its start date February 1994, the EURILIA project will attempt to establish a pan-European system for information access, retrieval, image browsing and document delivery. It will extend access to and the availability of, documents contained in a number of existing major aerospace collections.
|EUROPAGATE||European SR-Z39.50 Gateway|
|EWOS||European Workshop for Open Systems||One of the Regional Workshops to feed into the international standardization process. Established in 1987 to develop International Standard OSI profiles|
|EWOS EG-LIB||European Workshop for Open Systems. Expert Group on Libraries|
|FIGIT||Follett Implementation Group for Information Technology||Acts as the steering committee for eLib projects|
|FSM||Finite State Machine|
|FTAM||File Transfer Access and Management
[or is it Manipulation???]
|ISO 8571: OSI file transfer protocol, which can transparently carry any type of information including compound electronic documents, to transfer of files between systems of different vendors.|
|FTP||File Transfer Protocol||Internet RFC 959: FTP can carry electronic documents encoded in ASCII or binary formats
A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network (Internet, UNIX, etc.). It includes functions to log onto the network, list directories and copy files. It can also convert between the ASCII and EBCDIC character codes. FTP operations can be performed by typing commands at a command prompt or via an FTP utility running under a graphical interface such as Windows. FTP transfers can also be initiated from within a Web browser by entering the URL preceded with ftp://.
Unlike e-mail programs in which graphics and program files have to be "attached," FTP is designed to handle binary files directly and does not add the overhead of encoding and decoding the data.
|GAIA||Generic Architecture for Information Availability||CEC funded project, begun in 1996, which is to develop a sector and supplier independent architecture to support multilateral information trading. The order module will include an implementation of ISO ILL.|
|GEDI||Group on Electronic Document Interchange|
|GEDI format||proposed ISO standard for the format of documents, used to add a "cover page" to a document containing format and bibliographic information describing the document, its recipient and supplier and the means by which the document should be transmitted.(|
|GILS||Government Information Locator Service|
|GOSS||Guide to Open Systems Specifications||Online guide to OSI produced by EWOS|
|HE||Higher Education||used variously as a shortened form, for example: the North East Wales Institute of HE|
|HTTP||Hypertext Transfer Protocol||informational Internet RFC 1945
The communications protocol used to connect to servers on the World Wide Web. Its primary function is to establish a connection with a Web server and transmit HTML pages to the client browser. Addresses of Web sites begin with an http:// prefix; however, Web browsers typically default to the HTTP protocol.
|HTML||HyperText Markup Language||informational Internet RFC 1945
The document format used on the World Wide Web. Web pages are built with
HTML tags (codes) embedded in the text. HTML defines the page layout, fonts and graphic elements as well as the hypertext links to other documents on the Web. Each link contains the URL, or address, of a Web page residing on
the same server or any server worldwide, hence "World Wide" Web.
|IAB||Internet Architecture Board||IAB provides architectural guidelines for the IETF.|
|IANA||Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (www.iana.org)|| An Internet body chartered by the Internet Society (ISOC) and Federal Network Council (FNC) that maintains a central registry of Internet protocol parameters. Internet protocols require unique names and numbers in Internet addresses, domain names, protocol ports, private enterprise numbers, etc. IANA is located at and operated by the Information Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California.
IANA maintains the official registration site for IANA recognized MIME types at URL: ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/media-types/
|IEC||International Electrotechnical Commission
|Geneva, Switzerland organization that sets international electrical and electronics standards. Founded in 1906. It is made up of national committees from over 40 countries.
|IESG||Internet Engineering Steering Group||IESG provides overall direction for management of Internet.|
|IETF||Internet Engineering Task Force
(c/o Corporation for National Research Initiatives, Reston, VA, www.ietf.org)
|Founded in 1986, the IETF is a large, open community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers whose purpose is to coordinate the operation, management and evolution of the Internet, and to resolve short-range and mid-range protocol and architectural issues. It is a major source of proposals for protocol standards which are submitted to the IAB for final approval. The IETF meets three times a year and extensive minutes are included in the IETF Proceedings.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|IFM||ILL Fee Management||service introduced by OCLC in April 1995 that enables libraries using the OCLC ILL system to realize efficiencies in handling ILL bills and payments|
|IFOBS||International Forum on Bibliographic Standards||Example of an SGFS.
Established 1988 with mandate to develop ISPs for bibliographic OSI protocols. Liaises closely with EWOS EG-LIB on the co-operative development and harmonization of ISPs for library applications
|ILANET||Interlibrary Loan Subsystem||Subsystem of ABN|
|ILDRMS||Interlending and Document Request Management System|
|ILL||Interlibrary Loan||Transactions in library materials are made available by one library to another. It includes the provision of copies as substitute for loans of original materials.|
|ILL ASMA||Interlibrary Loan Application Standards Maintenance Agency||ISO maintenance agency for ISO 10160 and ISO 10161-1, the Interlibrary Loan Application Standards. Located at Library and Archives Canada|
|ILL/DD||Interlibrary Loan/Document Delivery|
|ILLPM||ILL Protocol Machine|
|IMAP||Internet Message Access Protocol||RFC 1730 (prior to IMAP4, published in Dec. 1994, standard was called the Interactive Message Access Protocol).
A standard mail server expected to be widely used on the Internet. It provides a message store that holds incoming e-mail until users log on and download it. IMAP4 is the latest version.
IMAP is more sophisticated than the Post Office Protocol (POP3) mail server. Messages can be archived in folders, mailboxes can be shared, and a user can access multiple mail servers. There is also better integration with MIME, which is used to attach files. For example, users can read only the headers in the message without having to automatically accept and wait for attached files to download that they don't want.
|InterNIC||A five year project, partially supported by the National Science Foundation, to provide network information services to the networking community. The InterNIC began operations in April of 1993 and is now a collaborative project of two organizations: AT&T, which provides Directory and Database Services from South Plainsfield, NJ; and Network Solutions, Inc., which provides Registration Services from their headquarters in Herndon, VA. Services are provided via the Internet, and by telephone, FAX, and hardcopy.|
|ION||Interlending Open Systems Network||CEC project, which ran between 1990 and 1993, set up a demonstrator ISO ILL network between national library utilities in the Netherlands (PICA), France (MEN/SUNIST) and the UK (LASER).|
See also TCP/IP Protocol Suite.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary for related term: packet switching.
|The Internet Protocol is the network layer for the TCP/IP Protocol Suite. It is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol, i.e. a communications protocol in which packets (messages) are individually routed between hosts, with no previously established communication path. Version 4 defined in RFC 791. The core RFCs for version 6 are 1883 through 1886.|
|IPIG||ILL Protocol Implementors Group||Subgroup of the NAILDD Standards Working Group|
|IPM||Interpersonal Messaging||CCITT X.400 IPM allows includsion of various encoded information types (e.g. IA5 text) for inclusion in the IPM message content. Each body part of an IPM may be encoded differently -- text, graphics, voice, G4-facsimile, encrypted, etc.|
|IPMS||Interpersonal Messaging Service|
|IPRL||ISP Requirements List||An IPRL must be provided with each profile, expressings its general options, a list of the base standards, and for each base standard, a section expressing constraints upon allowable answers in the corresponding PICS Proforma. It contains sections corresponding to the base standards referenced by the profile. Each section is called a PRL and is derived from teh PICS Proforma for the base standard.|
|IRIS||Irish Networked Database Service|
|IRP||Internationally Registered Profile||see Procedures for an IRP|
|IRV||International Reference Version (of ISO 646)|
|ISO||International Organization for Standardization
|An organization, founded in 1946 that sets international standards. ISO deals with all fields except electrical and electronics, which is governed by the older International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
It carries out its work through more than 160 technical committees and 2,300 subcommittees and working groups and is made up of standards organizations from more than 75 countries, some of them serving as secretariats for these technical bodies.
|ISO/IEC JTC1||See JTC1|
|ISP||International Standard Profile||Internationally agreed, harmonised document which identifies a standard or group of standards, together with options and parameters, necessary to accomplish a function or set of functions. (ISO TR 10000-1) Intention is to promote real system interoperability and not merely to legitimize any one choice. Profiles also form a basis for procurement specifications and conformance testing. To be used in a particular application domain.|
|ISPICS||ISP Implementation Conformance Statement||A statement made by the supplier of a system which claims to conform to an ISP, stating the capabilities and options which have been implemented, and all optional features which have been omitted. (ISO TR 10000-1) An ISPICS for a profile is analogous to a PICS for a protocol; a PICS is documentation, for a particular implementation, of conformance to a protocol; an ISPICS is documentation, for a particular implementation, of conformance to a profile. Composed of a set of PICS, or filled-out PRLs.|
|ITU||International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, www.itu.ch||Formerly the CCITT, it is an international organization founded in 1865 and headquartered in Geneva that sets communications standards. The ITU is comprised of over 150 member countries. The Telecommunications Standards Section (TSS) is one of four organs of the ITU. Any specification with an ITU-T or ITU-TSS designation refers to the TSS organ.|
|IUT||Implementation under Test||The implementation undergoing conformance testing.|
|JANET||Joint Academic Network||JANET links 150 sites in the UK and provides connections to networks worldwide. It provides facilities for electronic mail, file transfer, direct use of remote machines including central supercomputers), bulletin boards, access to national library services and around 100 on-line library catalogues, and gateways to international networks. The national network carries services used by teachers and researchers across all disciplines and will foster new and improved ways of inter-university cooperation. --extract from Follett Report|
|JEDDS||Joint Electronic Document Delivery Software project||Considered one of the eLib projects aiming to improve information delivery by increased use of electronic library services, but an international project involving AV-CC, NLA, NLNZ, JISC joined in the purpose of providing a MIME-compliant delivery system which will interface (using standard interfaces such as the International Interlibrary Loan protocol) to ILL and Document Request Management Systems within the Windows environment.|
|JISC||Joint Information Systems Committee||Committee of the Higher Education Funding Councils for England, Scotland, Wales and the Department of Education for Northern Ireland|
|JISC eLib||see eLib|
|JTC||Joint Technical Committee||Joint committee of ISO/IEC|
|JTC1||Joint Technical Committee (number) 1 (Information Technology)||The ISO/IEC joint committee responsible for processing draft profile specifications (DISP) to ISP status. < /TD>|
See also: white pages, whois, X.500.
|A "Knowledge Robot" is a program which seeks out information based on specified criteria. "Knowbot," as trademarked by CNRI, refers specifically to the search engine for Knowbot Information Services
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|LAMDA||London and Manchester Document Delivery Access||One of the eLib projects which is setting up document requesting and delivery services amongst a number of UK libraries in the London and Manchester areas (10 supplying libraries and over 40 client libraries). Plans are to use the simple ISO ILL requesting mechanisms offered by the Ariel system enhanced for the JEDDS project, and thus will not use a full interlibrary loan management system or the full ISO ILL protocol.|
|LDAP||Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.
See also: X.500
|This protocol provides access for management and browser applications that provide read/write interactive access to the X.500 Directory.
---FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
A protocol used to access a directory listing. LDAP support is being implemented in Web browsers and expected that LDAP will provide a common method for searching e-mail addresses on the Internet, eventually leading to a global white pages.
LDAP is a simplified version of the DAP protocol, which is used to gain
access to X.500 directories. It is easier to code the query in LDAP than in
DAP, but LDAP is less comprehensive. For example, DAP can initiate
searches on other servers if an address is not found, while LDAP cannot in its
|LITC||Library Information Technology Centre,
South Bank University, London, UK
|MHS||Message Handling Systems|
|MIME||Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions||Internet RFC 1341: MIME allows SMTP mail messages to carry compound electronic documents, including word processor formats, images, audio, video, etc.
A common method for transmitting non-text files via Internet e-mail, which was originally designed for ASCII text. MIME encodes the files using one of two encoding methods and decodes it back to its original format at the receiving end. A MIME header is added to the file which includes the type of data contained and the encoding method used.
|MOTIS||Message Oriented Text Interchange System||Message handling system environment, specified in ISO/IEC 10021|
|MTS||Message Transfer System|
|NAILDD||North American Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery Project||Project of ARL to promote developments to maximize access to research resources while minimizing the costs associated with such activities. Concentrating on three technical priorities: 1) the development of ILL management software, 2) improvements in financial/accounting activities, and 3) widespread use of national and international standards for system interoperability.|
|NAILDD DIG||NAILDD Developers/Implementors Group|
|NALIDD IPIG||See IPIG|
|NAVIS||Library and Archives Canada's ILL Management software, handling both version 1 and version 2 type messages for the ISO ILL Protocol.|
|NCC||National Computing Centre (U.K.)|
|NCIP||NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol|
|NDIS||National Document and Information Service||Joint systems development project of NLA and NLNZ to develop integrated system for resource discovery, ordering and delivery that will interwork with CILLA systems and be compliant with open and internationally accepted standards.|
|NISO||National Information Standardization Organization|
|NLA||National Library of Australia|
|NLNZ||National Library of New Zealand|
|NNTP||Network News Transfer Protocol||Internet RFC 977|
|OIW||Open Systems Environment Implementors Group workshop||Regional Workshops for America to feed preliminary proposals into the international standardization process|
|OIW-SIG||Open Systems Environment Implementors Group Special Interest Group on Library Applications||Formally est. in 1994 to play a liaison role supporting the work of EWOS EG_LIB and IFOBS in the development of ISO OSI profiles.|
|OSI||Open Systems Interconnection||ISO standard for worldwide communications that defines a framework for implementing protocols in seven layers. Control is passed from one layer to the next, starting at the application layer in one station, proceeding to the bottom layer, over the channel to the next station and back up the hierarchy.
-- Tech Encyclopedia
|Portable Document Format||Adobe document encoding format|
|PDU||Protocol Data Unit|
|pDISP||preliminary Draft International Standard Profile||ISO; a preliminary proposal by a working group which has not been reviewed by the national bodies of ISO|
|PEB/ILL||Pretre Entre Bibliothéques/InterLibrary Loan||The National Library of Canada's ILL Management System; superseded by NAVIS|
|PETS||Parameterized Executable Test Suite||The PETS is generated from an abstract test suite (ATS) at the start of the conformance testing of a specific implementation. Because of the options in any protocol standard, an ATS must be modified to include all options supported and to exclude all options not supported by an implementation.|
|PCO||Point of Control and Observation||A point defined for a test method, at which the occurrence of test events is controlled and observed, as specified in test cases for that test method.|
|PCTR||Protocol Conformance Test Report||A document written at the end of the conformance assessment process, giving the details of the testing carried out for a particular protocol. It includes the identification of the abstract test cases for which corresponding executable test cases were run. It also includes the test purpos(s) and verdict for each test case.|
|PIXIT||Protocol Implementation Extra Information for Testing||A statement, provided by an implementor, which specifies additional information about an implementation under test (IUT).|
|PICS||Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement||A statement made by the supplier of an OSI implementation or system, stating which capabilities have been implemented, for a given OSI protocol. (ISO 9646)
Description of the protocol-related capabilities and options which have been implemented in a specific product, in the form of a filled-out PICS proforma questionnaire. The PICS will also include limitations which might prevent interworking. It allows a customer of the product to evaluate its conformance to an OSI protocol and to determine whether the product meets the customerís requirements.
|PICS proforma||Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement proforma||A document, in the form of a questionnaire, designed by the protocol specifier or conformance test suite specifier, which when completed for an OSI implementation or system becomes the PICS. (ISO 9646)
Companion standard to an OSI protocol standard, in the form of a questionnaire to be filled out by a supplier of a product claiming to implement the standard which describes all the capabilities and options within a protocol. The form is completed by the supplier of a product claiming to implement the protocol. E.g., ISO 10161-2:1997 (E)
|POP3||Post Office Protocol 3||RFC 1939 (5th edition of the 3rd version published in May 1996)
A standard mail server commonly used on the Internet. It provides a message store that holds incoming e-mail until users log on and download it. POP3 is a simple system with little selectivity. All pending messages and attachments are downloaded at the same time. POP3 uses the SMTP messaging protocol
|POS||Point of Sale||Requestor (AIDA)|
|PRL||Profile Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement Requirements List||Section of a IPRL, derived from the PICS Proforma for the base standard.|
|Profile||A set of one or more base standards, and, where applicable, the identification of chosen classes, subsets, options and parameters of those base standards, necessary for accomplishing a particular function. ...Identifying the base standards, together with appropriate classes, subsets, options and parameters necessary to accomplish identified functions for purposes such as interoperability. (---TR 10000)
A profile definition includes three major categories of information:
|RCLS||Ramapo Catskill Library System||public library system centered in Middletown, New York. Has a Web site for library information entitled "Libraryland" which includes a link to the IFLA Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Protocol Resources site.|
|RFC||Request for Comments||A document that describes the specifications for a recommended technology. RFCs are used by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and other standards bodies. First used during the creation of
the ARPAnet protocols back in the 1970s, the IETF has published more than 2500 RFCs, all of which can be viewed at www.ietf.org/rfc.
|RLG||Research Libraries Group, Inc.|
|RSS||Resource Sharing System||interlibrary loan (ILL)automation system available, supporting the ISO/ILL protocol and a browser interface. Developed by epixtech.http://www.epixtech.com/products/rss.asp|
|SC||Subcommittee (ISO)||Subgroup of an ISO Technical Committee. Example: TC46/SC4|
|SCTR||System Conformance Test Report||A document written at the end of the conformance assessment process, giving the overall summary of the conformance of the system to the set of protocols for which conformance testing was carried out.|
|SEREN||Sharing of Educational Resources in an Electronic Network||One of the eLib projects (1996- )aiming to improve information delivery by increased use of electronic library services. The purpose of SEREN is to provide the software to enable the Welsh higher education community to make full use of the library resource-base in Wales (participating supplying libraries include Bangor University, Cardiff University, Newport University and NEWI) before applying to BLDSC and other suppliers. Project is considering adding ISO ILL messaging to its systems.|
|SGFS||Special Group on Functional Standardization||Group within ISO/IEC JCT1 est. 1982 to consider issues surrounding functional standards which developed concept of the ISP|
|SICI||Serial Itlem and Contribution Identifier|
|S/MIME||Secure MIME||version of MIME that adds RSA encryption for secure transmission|
|SMTP||Simple Mail Transfer Protocol||Internet RFC 821/822: SMTP can carry character-encoded (7-bit ASCII) electronic documents with messages
The standard e-mail protocol on the Internet. It is a TCP/IP protocol that defines the message format and the message transfer agent (MTA), which stores and forwards the mail. SMTP was originally designed for only ASCII text, but MIME and other encoding methods enable program and multimedia files to be attached to e-mail messages.
SMTP servers route SMTP messages throughout the Internet to a mail server, such as POP3 or IMAP4, which provides a message store for incoming mail.
|SR||Search and Retrieval protocol|
|SUBITO||Initiative of German federal and regional governments to integrate search, ordeing and delivery at the workplace of the user, which will rely on technical solutions provided by DBV-OSI. Ordering interfaces of existing systems will stay alongside newly developed services.|
|TC||Technical Committee||ISO Example: TC46|
|TCP||Transmission Control Protocol
See FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary for related terms: stream-oriented.
|An Internet Standard transport layer protocol defined in RFC 793. It is connection-oriented and stream-oriented, as opposed to UDP.|
|TCP/IP||Transmission Control Protocol over Internet Protocol|| This is a common shorthand which refers to the suite of transport and application protocols which runs over IP. Other related protocols include IP, ICMP, TCP, UDP, FTP, Telnet, SMTP, SNMP.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|TIFF||Tagged Image File Format||De facto standard for document page images. Defines format of an image file by providing a set of well-defined tags whose values indicate essential information such as page size, resolution (dots per inch, dots per line, lines per page), colour encoding information, type of compression (CCITT, JPEG), etc. The inclusion of colour and gray scale information makes it suitable for many types of data other than text images.|
|TR1000||ISO document: "Frame work and Taxonomy of International Standardized Profiles"|
|TRLN||Triangle Research Libraries Network|
|TTCN||Tree and Tabular ombined Notation|
|TTG||TTCN Test Generator|
|UDP||User Datagram Protocol
See also: connectionless, TCP (Transmission Control Protocol).
|An Internet Standard transport layer protocol defined in RFC 768. It is a connectionless protocol which adds a level of reliability and multiplexing to IP.|
|UNIverse||Large scale CEC project begun in 1996 which aims to deliver and utilise a logical union catalogue to deliver a library services for both the end-user and the librarian at a single point of contact for specific subject domains. It will include an ILL service integrated to the search process using the ISO ILL protocol over both TCP/IP and e-mail transports. Co-ordinating partner is Fretwell-Downing Data Systems Ltd.|
|URL||Uniform Resource Locator||The address that defines the route to a file
on the Web or any other Internet facility. URLs are typed into the browser to access Web pages, and URLs are embedded within the pages themselves to provide the hypertext links to other pages.
|URSA||Universal Respour Sharing Application|
|UTC||Coordinated Universal Time||The international time standard (formerly
Greenwich Mean Time, or GMT). Zero hours UTC is midnight in Greenwich England, which is located at 0 degrees longitude. Everything east of Greenwich (up to 180 degrees) is later in time; everything west is earlier.
|VDX||Virtual Document eXchange||ILL management software that uses the ISO ILL Protocol to transmit requests|
|WG||Working Group (WG)||Working Group within an ISO Technical Committee Subgroup. Example: TC46/SC4/WG4|
|white pages||See also: Knowbot, netfind, whois, X.500, InterNIC.||The Internet supports several databases that contain basic information about users, such as e-mail addresses, telephone numbers, and postal addresses. These directory information databases can be searched to get information about particular individuals. Because they serve a function akin to the telephone book, these databases are often referred to as "white pages."
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|whois||See also: InterNIC, white pages, Knowbot, netfind, X.500||An Internet program which allows users to query a database of people and other Internet entities, such as domains, networks, and hosts. The primary database is kept at the InterNIC. The information stored includes a person's company name, address, phone number and email address. The latest version of the protocol, WHOIS++, is defined in RFCs 1834 and 1835.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|X.25||A data communications interface specification developed to describe how data passes into and out of public data communications networks. The CCITT and ISO approved protocol suite defines protocol layers 1 through 3.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
1976 ITU standard for packet switching networks. Public X.25 communications networks have been available worldwide for many years, but they are typically limited to 56 Kbps and less. New packet-switched networks employ frame relay and SMDS technologies rather than X.25.
|X.400||The CCITT and ISO standard for electronic mail. It is widely used in Europe and Canada.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
|X.400 IPM||See IPM|
|X.500||See also: white pages, Knowbot, whois.||The CCITT and ISO standard for electronic directory services.
--- FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary