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Nicole Brossard Fonds. - 1965-2002. - 9.26 m of textual record and other material

Biographical Sketch

Nicole Brossard, an internationally-known poet, novelist and essayist, was born in Montréal on 27 November 1943. In 1971, she obtained a BA in Literature from the Université de Montréal and in 1972, an honours BA in Education from the Université du Québec à Montréal. Since Aube à la saison, which was published in 1965, Nicole Brossard has published more than 30 collections of poetry, including Mordre en sa chair (1966), L'Écho bouge beau (1968), Suite logique (1970), Le Centre blanc (1970 and 1978), Mécanique jongleuse (1973 and 1974), La Partie pour le tout (1975), Amantes (1980 and 1998), Double impression (1984), L'Aviva (1985), Installations (1989), À tout regard (1989), Langues obscures (1992), Musée de l'os et de l'eau (1999) and Au présent des veines (1999). She has also published prose works, plays, essays and novels, including Un Livre (1970), Picture Theory (1990), Le Désert mauve (1987), Baroque d'aube (1995) and Hier (2001).

Her writing has influenced many writers in Quebec, Canada and abroad. In 1965, she was a member of the team that founded La Barre du Jour and in 1977, La Nouvelle Barre du jour, both of which are literary journals that she co-edits. In 1976, she was a member of the collective that founded the feminist journal Les Têtes de pioches and, with Luce Guilbeault, made the film Some American Feminists. From 1977 to 1979, she was a member of the first board of directions of the Union des écrivains québécois. In 1991, she published the Anthologie de la poésie des femmes au Québec, with Lisette Girouard. Her writings have appeared in almost 100 anthologies and more than 100 literary journals in Quebec, Canada, the United States, Latin America and Europe.

As a leading figure in Quebec postmodern feminist writing, Nicole Brossard regularly attends international symposia and literary and feminist events in many countries. She has twice been awarded the Governor General's Literary Award for poetry (in 1974 and 1984). In 1991, she received the Athanas David Award and the Harbourfront Festival Prize. In 1993, she was appointed to the Académie des lettres du Québec and in 2001, became a member of the World Poetry Academy.

Scope and Content

This archival fonds consists of materials that are indicative of Nicole Brossard's thinking and writing, and of her important contribution to literature and feminism in the second half of the 20th century. It includes various drafts of a dozen collections of poems published since the 1970s, along with some unpublished poems and diaries that provide information about the genesis of Brossard's works and her approach to writing. The fonds also includes preparatory notes and various drafts of her novels, prose works and essays, including the celebrated Le Désert mauve, She Would Be the First Sentence of My Novel and La Lettre aérienne. It also includes files of her work as an editor, translator, filmmaker, speaker and radio host. Lastly, the fonds follows Nicole Brossard's involvement in numerous literary and feminist events, and at gay and lesbian events.

The materials in this fonds have been arranged into 16 series: 1. Poetry; 2. Novels; 3. Essays and prose; 4. Radio; 5. Diaries; 6. Works published in journals and anthologies; 7. Texts of lectures and symposia; 8. Literary and feminist events; 9. Gay and lesbian events; 10. Translations; 11. Travel; 12. Correspondence; 13. Appointment books and calendars; 14. Various professional activities; 15. Writings and information about the work of Nicole Brossard; 16. Awards and distinctions.

The fonds consists primarily of manuscripts, typescripts and computer printouts from originals produced on a computer, photographs, posters and audio tapes. There are also press clippings and reviews.

Immediate Source of Acquisition: acquired from Nicole Brossard on 5 February 2002.

Language: most of the materials are in French, but all the series also include some records in English, particularly correspondence.

Restrictions: there are some restrictions on consultation, reproduction and use.

Finding Aid: finding aid available.

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