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The year 2012 marks the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812, which took place from June 18, 1812, to February 16, 1815. During this period of conflict between the United States and Great Britain, many military events occurred on Canadian soil. To learn more about the War of 1812, we invite you to read the historical overview.
Library and Archives Canada holds a vast and unique collection of records related to the Canadian men and women who were involved in the War of 1812. It consists mainly of muster rolls, paylists, claims, certificates of service, and medal registers. Please note that, except for the South African War, personnel records for the Canadian military were not created before the First World War
Militia units played an important role in the War of 1812. These units have existed in British North America and post-Confederation Canada for most of its history. They were formed from able-bodied men locally recruited to defend against invasion or rebellion, in support of British Regular Forces. Units were formed on a county basis, and unit officers were chosen from the local elite.
Library and Archives Canada holds nominal rolls and paylists of personnel who served in the militia of Lower Canada (Province of Quebec) during the War of 1812 (RG 9 1A7). Paylists contain the names of personnel, the periods for which they were paid and the amount of money they received. Nominal rolls sometimes contain such information as age, residence and date of enlistment. They are usually grouped by unit or county.
The microfilm reels have been digitized and the images appear in the same order as on the microfilm reels. You can browse through the images as you would through a microfilm reel. You can move through the images one by one, or skip ahead by entering a new page number in the page navigation box. The records are not searchable by name.
|T-10370||3||Frontier Light Infantry; Quebec
Volunteers; Canadian Light Dragoons & Royal Mounted Veterans; Provincial Royal Artillery Drivers
|T-10370||4||Corps of Commissariat
|T-10370||4||Canadian Voyageurs Battalion||1813-1814|
|T-10371||5||1st Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1813|
|T-10371||6||1st Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10371||7||1st Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1814-1815|
|T-10372||7||2nd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812|
|T-10372||8||2nd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1814|
|T-10372||9||2nd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1814|
|T-10373||10||3rd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1813|
|T-10373||11||3rd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10374||12||3rd Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1814-1815|
|T-10374||12||4th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1813|
|T-10374||13||4th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10375||14||4th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1815|
|T-10375||14||5th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1813|
|T-10375||15||5th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10375||16||5th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10376||16||6th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1813-1814|
|T-10376||17||6th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1814|
|T-10376||17||7th Battalion Embodied Militia, Lower Canada||1812-1813|
|T-10376||17||District of Quebec: Quebec Light Cavalry||1812-1813|
|T-10376||17||Dorchester Light Dragoons||1813-1815|
|T-10377||18||1st, 2nd, 3rd Battalions, Quebec||1812-1813|
|T-10377||19||District of Quebec: Lotbinière, Beauport
District of Three Rivers: 1st Battalion (Three Rivers); 2nd Battalion (Yamaska).
District of Montreal: Royal Mounted Troop of Cavalry; Compagnie des Guides; Royal Militia Artillery; Montreal Incorporated Volunteers
|T-10377||20||District of Montreal: Pointe Claire, Longue
Pointe, Argenteuil, Vaudreuil (1st), Ile Jésus, Terrebonne, Blainville, L'Assomption, Lavaltrie, Berthier
|T-10378||21||District of Montreal: Beloeil (2nd), Boucherville, Beauharnois (2nd), L'Acadie and Chasseurs, St-Denis, Verchères, Townships (1st and 4th)||1812-1813|
Please note that spelling variations of names were common before the mid-1900s. Many names were written phonetically, as they sounded to the person recording them.
For more information about these documents relating to the War of 1812, consult the archival description.
You can easily print the images or save the images on your own computer.
Use the following link for other options such as borrowing microfilm.
Other archival military records exist. Consult our Genealogy and Family History page on What to Search - Topics: Military for more information about those records.