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Description found in Archives

Sir Charles Tupper fonds [textual record]. 


1821-1919, 1958

Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

3.069 m of textual records.
2 paintings

Scope and content

Fonds consists of political papers, n.d., 1823-1916, 2.165 m; personal papers, n.d., 1821-1915, 0.385 m; family papers, 1857, ca. 1878-1919, 0.165 m; additional papers, n.d., 1841-1915, 1958, 0.151 m; related papers, 1885, 1887-1914, 0.203 m.
Fonds also consists of two paintings of Sir Charles Tupper and his wife dated 1888 by John Horsburgh.

Graphic (art)
90: Open
To be viewed with the assistance of the
Portrait Gallery of Canada.
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-4500
90: Open
Textual records
90: Open
from 1 to 32
90: Open
90: Open
from 14345 to 14346
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
from 33 to 34
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Textual records The finding aid consists of computerized author, subject and chronological indexes for volumes 1-20. For a description of the remaining papers, 21-31, consult the inventory entry. The first link is for the finding aid. The second link consist of the author list. The third link consist of the chronological list. The forth link consist of the subject list. MSS0153 90 (Electronic)

Biography / Administrative history

Prime Minister of Canada

Charles Tupper was born in Amherst, N.S. After attending Horton Academy he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh (M.D. 1843) and practiced in Amherst until 1855. He was first elected to the Nova Scotia Assembly in 1855 and served as Provincial Secretary, 1856-1860, 1863-1867, and as Premier, 1864-1867.

He was instrumental in bringing Nova Scotia into Confederation and was elected to Canada's first parliament in 1867. In federal politics Tupper, besides serving as Prime Minister, held six different cabinet portfolios. He was also Canada's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom and occupied that position almost continuously from 1884 until 1896. In 1896, he returned from England and, in an attempt to solve the leadership problem in the Conservative Party replaced Bowell as Prime Minister. In the 1896 election, the Liberals were victorious and from 1896-1901 Tupper served as Leader of the Opposition.

After the 1901 election he retired from active political life and settled in England. He died at Bexley Heath on 30 October 1915 at the age of 94.

Additional information

Custodial history
A large part of the Sir Charles Tupper Papers was given to the Public Archives in 1926 by Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, a son and literary executor. These had been used for "The Life and Letters of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Tupper, Bart" edited by Rev. E.M. Saunders (1916), and for a supplement by Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper (1926).
On the advice of Sir Joseph Pope a portion of the papers was retained by Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, consisting chiefly of his own correspondence with his father. This portion, with letterbooks, journals and memoranda was transferred to the Archives in 1953 from the University of British Columbia through the kindness of R.H. Tupper, Q.C. In 1966, an additional 1m of Tupper Papers were presented by Misses Jessie C. Tupper and Frances Tupper of Toronto.
The two paintings of Sir Charles Tupper and his wife dated 1888 by John Horsburgh have been acquired in 2006 from the great-great-grand-daughter of Tupper, Dorothy Dunlop.

Availability of other formats note
Most of the collection, Volumes 1-29, is available on 12 reels of microfilm, reels C-3202 to C-3213. The finding aid is available in bound form and also on microfilm, reel C-4500.

Subject heading

1. Legislative bodies - Reform, 1864 The Life and Letters of the Rt. Honourable Sir Charles Tupper, Bart, 1867.
2. Legislative bodies - Maritime Provinces, 1864 Washington Treaty (1888), 1887-1888.
3. Alaska Boundary Dispute, 1886-1887 Washington Conference (1887), 1887-1888.
4. Alaska - Boundaries - Canada, 1886-1887 Canadian Pacific Railway Company, 1888.
5. Canada - Boundaries - Alaska, 1886-1887 Recollecton of Sixty Years, 1914.
6. Fishery law and legislation - North America, 1823-1911 John Elisha Tupper, n.d.
7. Pictou (N.S.) - Elections, 1888 Conservative Party of Canada, 1867-1919.
8. Railroads - Canada, 1888 John Schultz, [1878-1896]
9. Political rights, 1885.
10. Charlottetown (P.E.I.) - Legislative hearings, 1864 George Johnson, 1887.
11. Election campaigns, 1882-1896.
12. Wedding anniversaries, 1896.
13. Rev. Charles Tupper - Biography, 1857.
14. Patronage, Political - Canada, 1896.
15. E.M. Saunders - Manuscripts, 1867.
16. Investments, Foreign - Canada, 1888.
17. Investments, British - Canada, 1888.
18. Boards of trade, 1900-1909.
19. Consolation, 1915.
20. Charles Tupper - Death and burial, 1915.
21. Bills, Legislative - Canada, 1885.
22. Suffrage, 1885.
23. Riel Rebellion, 1885.
24. Politics and government. Canada
25. Canada. Parliament. House of Commons.
26. Macdonald, John A. (John Alexander), 1815-1891.
27. Politicians Canada.
28. Tupper, Charles Hibbert, Sir, 1855-1927.
29. Cabinet ministers Canada.
30. Prime ministers Canada.
31. History Canada
32. Turner (family)
33. Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919.
34. Diaries.
35. Shea, Ambrose, Sir, 1815-1905.
36. Strathcona and Mount Royal, Donald Alexander Smith, Baron, 1820-1914.
37. University of Edinburgh.
38. Charlottetown Conference (1864) .
39. Fisheries Canada.
40. Macpherson, D. L. (David Lewis), 1818-1896.
41. Constitutional history Canada.
42. Mount Stephen, George Stephen, Baron, 1829-1921.
43. Political parties Canada.
44. Elections . Canada. Parliament
45. Campaign funds Canada.
46. Speeches, addresses, etc., Canadian.
47. Hand Book of Canada, 1887.
48. Political oratory Canada .
49. Legislators Canada.
50. Relations United States Canada.
51. Relations Canada United States.


Other system control no.

Related control no.

1. 1951-076 NPC
2. 1968-011 NPC
3. 1991-198 DAP
4. 119-080049-7
5. 2006-00574-X