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Description found in Archives

George Heriot collection [graphic material] 

Collection consists of



Place of creation


69 watercolours.
69 prints.
2 drawings.
2 pictures.

Scope and content

Collection consists of views in the provinces of Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, in addition to views in the United Kingdom and Europe.

Graphic (art)
90: Open
Archival reference no.

Terms of use

Copyright on works of art expired.

Item-level description in MINISIS-ICON database. (Electronic)

Biography / Administrative history

George Heriot was born in Haddington, Scotland. As a member of the Scottish minor gentry he received a classical education. He attended the Duns Academy and the grammar school at Coldstream. He went on to study at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, from 1769 to 1774. He remained in Edinburgh until 1777 and received instruction in drawing and painting. It was in 1777 that he sailed to the West Indies where he remained until 1781 when he returned to Britain. He enrolled as an officer cadet at the Royal Military Academy where he began drawing and painting topographical scenes in the field. By 1783 George Heriot was with the Board of Ordnance making sketches. In 1792 he was posted to Quebec and promoted to clerk of the cheque in the Ordnance department. In 1799, British Prime Minister William Pitt recommended George Heriot for the position of deputy postmaster general of British North America. He was appointed in 1799. During his term in Canada, he travelled extensively through the country making sketches and drawings as he went. As deputy postmaster general, Heriot, began a program of improving deliveries and increasing postal stations from Halifax to Sandwich (Windsor). His attempts to gain the cooperation of the colonial administration often failed. In January 1816 he decided to resign instead. Heriot returned to England and began many frequent trips abroad. He died unmarried in 1839 in London. George Heriot was the author of "Travels throughout Canada" in 1807, and "A history of Canada, from its first discovery" in 1804. For more information consult: Gerald Finley George Heriot : postmaster-painter of the Canadas (Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1983). Dictionary of Canadian Biography

Additional information

There are three prints after George Heriot in the Coverdale collection, two in the Reford collection and four in the Royal Bank collection. These are duplicates of prints already in the fonds.

Availability of other formats note
Most of the art items have been photographed in black & white and many also in colour.


Related control no.

1. 1932-437 PIC
2. 1934-298 PIC
3. 1939-609 PIC
4. 1939-610 PIC
5. 1969-017 PIC
6. 1971-088 PIC
7. 1975-001 PIC
8. 1982-072 PIC
9. 1982-075 PIC
10. 1984-164 PIC
11. 1989-468 DAP
12. 1989-469 DAP
13. 1989-470 DAP
14. 1989-471 DAP
15. 1989-472 DAP
16. 1989-479 DAP
17. 1989-480 DAP
18. 1989-481 DAP
19. 1989-602 DAP
20. 1934-00001-9
21. 2002-00104-9