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Description found in Archives

1st Canadian Infantry Battalion [textual record]. 

Sub-series consists of

Date(s)

1915-1918

Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

0.3 m of textual records

Scope and content

Sub-series consists of records created and/or maintained by the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion, and document many aspects of the battalion's activities. Volume 4032 includes the following files: Aircraft Feb. 1917-Aug 1918 (folder 1, file 1); Agricultural March 1918 (folder 1, file 2); Artillery Sept. 1917-Oct. 1918 (folder 1, file 3); Bombs and grenades Feb. 1917-Sept. 1918 (folder 1, file 4); Casualties Nov. 1917-Oct. 1918 (folder 1, file 5); Circular memoranda Aug. 1917-Jan. 1918 (folder 1, file 6); Codes July 1917-Nov. 1918 (folder 1, file 7); Courts of inquiry Dec. 1917 (Vol. 4032, folder 1, file 8); Defences Oct. 1917 (folder 1, file 9); Defences - Work and working parties June 1917-Sept. 1918 (folder 1, file 10); Discipline Jan. 1917-Oct. 1918 (folder 1, file 11); Engineer services Aug. 1917 (folder 1, file 12); Establishment July 1918 (folder 1, file 13); Gas Aug 1917-Oct 1918 (folder 1, file 14); Guns-Machine and Lewis Oct 1917-Sept 1918 (folder 1, file 15); Information summaries Feb-June 1915 (folder 2, file 1); Intelligence summaries 1917 (folder 2, file 2-3); Intelligence May 1916-July 1918 (folder 2, file 4); Leave Jan 1917-July 1918 (folder 2, file 5); Nominal rolls Sept-Nov 1918 (folder 2, file 6); Offensive Nov 1917 (folder 2, file 7); Officers Oct 1917-May 1918 (folder 2, file 8). Volume 4033 includes the following files: Operations. Neuve Chapelle and Hill 60 March-May 1915 (folder 3, files 1-2); Operations. Passchendaele Oct-Nov 1917 (folder 3, file 3); Operations. Amiens Aug 1918 (folder 3, file 4); Operations. Monchy Le Preux Aug-Sept 1918 (folder 3, file 5); Operations. Canal du Nord Aug-Nov 1918 (folder 3, file 6); Operations. Arras Aug-Sept 1918 (folder 4, file 1); Operations. Canal-de-la-Sensée Oct 1918 (folder 4, file 2); Operations. Itinerary report July-Oct 1918 (folder 4, file 3); Operations. Lessons learned from Sept 1918 (folder 4, file 4); Operations. Notes on First Canadian Brigade. Mimeographed notes for guidance of officers (folder 4, file 5); Operations. Summary Sept 1918 (folder 4, file 6); Operations. Orders March 1915-Oct 1918 (folder 4, files 7-9); Orders July 1916 (folder 4, file 10); Orders Special March 1918 (folder 4, file 11); Orders Standing (folder 4, file 12); Rhine, march to Dec 1918 (folder 5, file 1); Salvage Dec 1916 (folder 5, file 2); Sanitation May 1917 (folder 5, file 3); Signal service April 1917-Oct 1918 (folder 5, file 4); Signals March-Oct 1918 (folder 5, file 5); Sign boards Sept 1918 (folder 5, file 6); Transport March 1915, July 1917 (folder 5, file 7); Trench motors Nov 1917-Sept 1918 (folder 5, file 8); Time Feb 1919 (folder 5, file 9); Training Jan 1917-Aug 1918 (folder 5, file 10); Trophies Nov 1918 (folder 5, file 11); Visits July 1918 (folder 5, file 12); Water supply June 1917, Oct 1918 (folder 5, file 1).

Textual records
90: Open
Volume
from 4032 to 4033
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Copyright belongs to the Crown.

Textual records The finding aid's file level descriptions can be accessed through the consists of fields in the MIKAN record. A paper copy is also available in the Reference room. The finding aid is a typed list consisting of volume number, file number, title and outside dates. Note that this descriptive record is based on information found in finding aid 9-37 and in Barbara Wilson's unpublished Guide to the Sources of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. 9-37-3 90 (Electronic)

Biography / Administrative history

The 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion was organized at Valcartier under Camp Order 241 of 2 September 1914 and was composed of recruits from Military District 1 (Western Ontario) and was commanded successively by Lieutenant-Colonels F.W. Hill, F. A. Creighton (24/1/16), G.C. Hodson (27/6/16).

The battalion embarked at Quebec on 25 September 1914 aboard LAURENTIC, disembarking in England on 14 October 1914. Its strength was 45 officers and 1121 other ranks. The battalion arrived in France on 11 February 1915, becoming part of the 1st Division, 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade. It was later reinforced by the 4th Canadian Reserve Battalion. The battalion returned to England on 26 March 1919, arrived in Canada on 21 April 1919, was demobilized on 24 April 1919, and disbanded by General Order 149 of 15 September 1920.

The battalion's brass band was the "John Peel" bugle band. The regimental colours which had been purchased in England were handed over to the General Officer Commanding Military District 1 on demobilization, to be deposited in St. Paul`s Cathedral, London, Ontario.

The 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion was perpetuated by the Canadian Fusiliers (City of London Regiment).

Additional information

Accruals
No further accruals are expected.

Related materials
For related records found elsewhere in this fonds, see the following files: War Diary, 2 Sept. 1914 - 31 March 1919 (RG9-III, Vols. 4912 - 4913, folders 350-352); Overseas Ministry file (RG9-III, Vol. 46, file 8-5-22); Promotions (RG9-III, Vol. 979, file P-77-3); Promotions, appointments (RG9-III, Vol. 984, file P-77-3); Strength (RG9-III, Vol. 3894, folder 57, file 24); Hill 70 sector patrol 22-23 February 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4016, folder 33, file 21); Report, 5 April 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4017, folder 35, file 16); Demobilization 1918-1919 (RG9-III, Vol. 4024, folder 4, file 16); Narrative, Fresnoy 8-11May 1917 (RG9-III, Vol. 4026, folder 11, file 9); Reports, Canal du Nord 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4028, folder 15, file 5); Report, Cambrai Oct. 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4028, folder 16, file 3); Minor operations Feb-July 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4028, folder 17, file 5); Routine orders 23-30 March 1915 (RG9-III, Vol. 4029, folder 21, file 3); Operation orders Oct 1916 (RG9-III, Vol. 4055, folder 29, file 12); Operation orders Jan 1918 (RG9-III, Vol. 4196, folder 6, file 1); Historical record (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 1); Badges (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 2); Photographs (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 3); Operations, Givenchy June 1915 (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 4); Individual narrative: Capt. R. Miller March 1916 (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 5); Operations, Mount Sorrel June 1916 (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 6); Operations, Mount Sorrel, death of Lt.-Col. F.A. Creighton June 1916 (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 7); Operations, Somme Sept 1916 (RG9-III, Vol. 4690, folder 46, file 8); Nominal roll on embarkation, 1914 (RG9-III, Vol. 79); Promotions, appointments (RG9-III, Vol. 2907, file P-22-23). For related records found in the Department of National Defence fonds, see the following files: Badges (RG 24, Vol. 1716, file 683-485-1); Demobilization (includes booklets given to returning men, cuttings, copies of forms, etc.) (RG 24, Vol. 1716, file 683-485-2); Appointment of Officers (RG 24, Vol. 1328, file HQ 593-6-1-1); DHS file (RG 24, Vol. 1904, file D55HS 5-7-1); Givenchy, Col. F.B. Ware, Mount Sorel (RG 24, Vol. 1827, file GAQ 7-10); Canadian Fusilliers (RG 24, Vol. 1824, file GAQ 7-37). This information is based on Barbara Wilson's unpublished Guide to the Sources of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

Government