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Description found in Archives
Sub-series consists of
Place of creation
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Scope and content
Sub-series consists of records created and/or maintained by the 85th Canadian Infantry Battalion, and document many aspects of its activities.
Copyright belongs to the Crown.
Textual records The finding aid's file level descriptions can be accessed through the consists of fields in the MIKAN record. A paper copy is also available in the Reference room. The finding aid is a typed list consisting of volume number, file number, title and outside dates. 9-37-58 90 (Electronic)
Biography / Administrative history
The 85th Canadian Infantry Battalion was organized in September 1915 under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel A.H. Borden under authorization published in General Order 103a of 15 August 1915. The battalion was mobilized in Halifax and recruited in Nova Scotia.
The battalion embarked at Halifax on 13 October 1916 aboard OLYMPIC, disembarking in England on 19 October 1916. Its strength was 34 officers and 1001 other ranks. The battalion arrived in France on 11 February 1917, becoming part of the 4th Canadian Division, 12th Canadian Infantry Brigade. It was later reinforced by the 17th Canadian Reserve Battalion. The battalion returned to England on 29 April 1919, disembarked in Canada on 7 June 1919, was demobilized on 8 June 1919, and was disbanded by General Order 149 of 15 September 1920.
The battalion colours were made by Lady Borden and presented on 25 September 1916. They were handed over to the Lieutenant-Governor for safekeeping in 1919. The battalion supported silver and pipe bands. The battalion air was `The Cock O' the North'.
The 85th Canadian Infantry Battalion was perpetuated by The Cape Breton Highlanders.
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