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Description found in Archives

Etowaucum (baptized Nicholas). Named Etow Oh Koam, King of the River Nation  



Place of creation


1 painting : oil on canvas ; 91.5 x 64.5 cm (support).
Support: 64.300 x 91.500 cm
Platemark: cm
Inventory no.: op0126

Scope and content

Item is a portrait of Etowaucum (baptized Nicholas) by John Verelst.

Graphic (art)
90: Open
Protective supervision is required durin
g consultation.
Graphic (art)
Copy negative C-092421
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
OP-0126 Item no. assigned by LAC 1
90: Open
Other accession no.
1977-035 PIC

Terms of use

Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1977-35-1 Acquired with a special grant from the Canadian Government in 1977.
Copyright: Expired
Restrictions on use: None

Additional name(s)

Additional information

Custodial history
Commissioned for the court of Queen Anne, the paintings appear to have passed from the Royal Collection into the collection of the Petre family of Kent sometime in the 1830s, and thence continued by family descent to the vendor.

Accompanying material note
aJuly 1977 - the work is in an 18th century period frame.

Availability of other formats note
Colour transparency available
aDigitization project: Treasured Memories.

Exhibitions note
Exhibition title: The Four Indian Kings. Curators: Martha E. Cooke, National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1977.10.16 - 1977.11.20.
Exhibition title: People of the Great Peace. Curators: Albany Institute of Art and History, Albany, New York; 1981.10.30 - 1982.04.23.
Exhibition title: The Convenant Chain- Indian Ceremonial and Trade Silver and the Four Indian Kings. Curators: McCord Museum, Montreal, Quebec; 1982.10.25 - 1983.03.20.
Exhibition title: The Painted Past. Curators: Staff of the National Archives, National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1984.10.02 - 1984.10.31. Further venue: Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Colombia;1987.04.10 - 1987.06.07.
Further venue: McCord Museum, Montreal, Quebec; 1987.07.08 - 1988.01.03.
Further venue: Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia; 1989.06.01 - 1989.07.11.
Exhibition Title: Living Words: Aboriginal Diplomats of the Eighteenth Century. Curator: Moira McCaffrey, McCord Museum, Montréal, Québec; 2001.05.04-2001.09.21.
Exhibition title: Between Worlds : Voyagers to Britain 1700-1850. Curators: National Portrait Gallery, London, United Kingdom; 2007.03.08 - 2007.06.17
Exhibition title: Four Indian Kings. Curators : Portrait Gallery of Canada, Library and Archives Canada; Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC; 2008.09.12 - 2009.01.25
Exhibition title: The "Four Indian Kings" : War and Diplomacy in 1710. Curator : Stéphane Roy, Portrait Gallery of Canada, Library and Archives Canada; Canadian Museum of Civilization 2010.06.10 - 2010.09.06
Exhibition title: Crossing Paths: The "Four Indian Kings" and the work of Jeff Thomas and Shelley Niro. Curators : Stéphane Roy and Carolyn Cook, Portrait Gallery of Canada, Library and Archives Canada; Woodland Cultural Centre, Brantford, Ontario 2010.10.08 - 2010.12.24.
Exhibition title: Rising to the Occasion: The Long 18th Century. Curators: Ihor Holubizky, McMaster Museum of Art, Hamilton, Ontario; 2011.09.02 - 2011.11.05.
Exhibition title: On the Trails of The Iroquois. Curators: Henriette Pleiger, Art & Exhibition Hall, Bonn, Germany; 2013.03.22 – 2013.08.04 Further venue: Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany; 2013.10.18 – 2014.01.06

Signatures and inscriptions
Inscribed. Signed. Dated.
Inscription: Inscribed recto: in brushpoint l.l. "Etow oh Koam King. / of the River Nation - 1710"

aJuly 1977 - the painting received treatment in P.A.C. conservation section.

Subject heading

1. Aboriginal.
2. SUBJ. - Portrait : Aboriginal - Etow oh Koam North American Indian King of the River Nation, 1710.
3. Indian.


Other system control no.