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Description found in Archives

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission sous-fonds [textual record, graphic material]. 

Sous-fonds consists of



Place of creation


270 m of textual records.
32 photographs : 24 b&w, 8 col.

Scope and content

Includes photographs from the Programme perspectives-jeunesse Etudé socio économique et culturelle-Québec.

Textual records
99: Closed pending processing
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Copyright belongs to the Crown.

Biography / Administrative history

The Department of Employment and Immigration, which was created under the Employment and Immigration Reorganization Act of 1977 (25-26 Elizabeth II, C. 54) was a unique federal organization. Unlike most other federal institutions, it was run by both the Department and the Canada Employment and Immigration Commission. The Deputy Minister and Assistant Deputy Minister served as the Commission's Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively, thereby assuming two roles within the Department. The Commission also had one member who represented the interests of workers, and a second member who represented employers' interests. The Commissioners were appointed by the Governor-in-Council for five-year terms.

The purpose of the Commission was to further the attainment of national economic and social goals by realizing the full potential of Canada's human resources. At the same time it supported the initiatives of individuals to pursue their economic needs, provided temporary financial assistance to people who were out of work, and administered the admission of immigrants and visitors in accordance with the economic, social and cultural interests of Canada. The responsibilities of the Commission also included making recommendations to the Minister regarding policy and programs, regulatory changes, and other decisions affecting employment, immigration and Unemployment Insurance. Under the 1977 legislation, the Commission was described as a "body corporate." It had the power to engage in special relations and agreements with other countries, federal institutions, and Canadian organizations. It was, however, accountable to both Parliament and the Minister of the Department in that it annually submitted its accounts and financial transactions to the Auditor General, who passed it on to the Minister. The Commission also submitted an annual operational report to the Minister. The Minister, in turn, presented both the financial report and operational report to Parliament.

The Commission, therefore, possessed a unique mandate. Rather than maintaining an arms-length relationship with the Department, it did, in fact, oversee most of the activities within the Department of Employment and Immigration. The Commission consisted of seven principle divisions: Labour Market Development; Executive Secretariat; National Systems and Services; Finance and Administration; Personnel; Employment and Insurance; and Immigration and Demographic Policy.

The Commission, and the Department, no longer existed after government re-organization in 1992-93. Its functions were transferred to the Departments of Citizenship and Immigration Canada and Human Resources Development Canada, which were created at that time.

Additional information

This sous-fonds also includes records that were created by predecessor agencies, such as the manpower aspect of the previous Department of Manpower and Immigration.

Source of title
An Act to Establish the Department of Employment and Immigration (S.C., 1976-77, C. 54)

Related materials
Because Human Resources Development Canada operated under memorandums of understanding between 1993 and 1996 (before being formally established) there may be some overlap between its operations and that of Employment and Immigration Canada and some confusion in the material we accession from these departments.


Other system control no.