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Description found in Archives
Place of creation
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Added language of material: French
Scope and content
Fonds consists of records created and/or maintained by the first Department of Citizenship and Immigration (1950-1966) and its predecessors. Researchers are cautioned that unprocessed textual records and records in other media are not reflected in this description. This fonds does not include records created or maintained by the current Citizenship and Immigration Canada (1993- ). The archival reference for the fonds of the current Department of Citizenship and Immigration is R3260 (see MIKAN no. 161142).
Copyright belongs to the Crown. Credit the Library and Archives of Canada.
Finding aids are available. See lower level descriptions and accession records in ArchiviaNet (the NA website). (Other)
Biography / Administrative history
The Department of Citizenship and Immigration was officially created on 18 January 1950 as a result of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Act (S.C. 1949, 2nd session, c. 16, royal assent 10 December 1949), which brought together a number of federal offices responsible for certain social and cultural functions. Four original line offices were created at that time: Immigration Branch, Indian Affairs Branch, Canadian Citizenship Branch, and the Canadian Citizenship Registration Branch. At various dates the Department assumed responsibility for five other cultural bodies (National Gallery of Canada, National Film Board, National Archives of Canada, National Library of Canada, and Dominion Carillonneur), but they were not made part of the Department's administrative structure. Three other independent or quasi-independent boards or tribunals (Citizenship Revocation Commission, Immigration Appeal Board, and Presidents of the Courts of Canadian Citizenship) also reported to the Minister.
The Department underwent several re-organizations between 1963 and 1966. In 1963, for instance, jurisdiction over the major cultural agencies were transferred to the Secretary of State. As well, effective 1 January 1966, the Indian Affairs Branch was transferred to the Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources. On that same date four entire branches and portions of five other branches of the Department of Labour were transferred into Citizenship and Immigration. These units merged to form the Canada Manpower Division, and was responsible for the National Employment Service and various other employment placement, research, training and information programmes. The Office of the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (and the Department) was abolished effective 1 October 1966 with the creation of the Department of Manpower and Immigration (S.C. 1966-1967, c. 25, royal assent 16 June 1966). Manpower and Immigration functions were transferred to the new Department, while Citizenship functions were transferred to the Secretary of State.
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