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Description found in Archives

Sandford Fleming fonds [textual record, graphic material, cartographic material] 



Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

11.35 m of textual records.
25 portfolios (ca. 657 photographs) ; prints.
2 albums (94 photographs) ; prints.
9 photographs ; b&w.
1 painting ; brushpoint and red oil on canvas : 74.8 x 62 cm.
2 drawings ; pencil.
3 prints ; lithograph, cream tint stone on wove paper.
2 watercolours ; pen and ink, watercolour and gold paint over pencil and photograph on wove paper.
2 maps ; one manuscript, one published.
2 p.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of textual records divided into 13 series. This material includes correspondence; letterbooks; memoranda; notes; financial journals; telegram books; travel journals; diaries; printed matter; addresses, diplomas, certificates and newspaper clippings from Sir Sandford Fleming concerning the Canadian Pacific and Intercolonial Railways; Canadian and Imperial affairs; Queen's University; business and financial affairs; personal papers; travel; and telegraph service. Fonds contains photographs depicting the construction of the Intercolonial Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway; several U.S. railways; and various locales in Western Canada including Fort Garry, Man., and Jasper House. Also included are photographs by William James Topley, G.R. Lancefield and Alfred George Pittaway depicting a bust of Sir Sanford Fleming by Hamilton McCarthy; Sir Sanford Fleming with a group of children; photographs of the Colonial Conference; portraits of Sir Sanford Fleming; construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the vicinity of Lake Superior; and a photo by G.H. Woodelton of Albany, Australia depicting aborigines of Western Australia, 1839. The fonds also includes artistic material as follows: a portrait of Sir Sandford Fleming by John Wycliffe Lowes Forester (1850-1938); print of a Toronto Mechanics Institute Certificate presented to Fleming, 7 June 1849; print depicting St. James Cathedral and King Street, Toronto, 1848; illuminated address presented to Fleming on his 80th birthday, 7 January 1907; 2 Pompeii wall designs by an unknown artist; landscape drawing of a scene among the Thousand Islands by Fleming, based on a print by William Bartlett; and a print depicting Alberni Harbour, Nanaimo, B.C., dated October 1872. The fonds also includes 1 map of Ireland Counties, n.d., and a mapsheet showing Fifeshire and Kinross-shire, Scotland, as well as a letter and text related to Arnot Tower also in Scotland.

Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Photographs: Access restrictions for pho
tographic accession 1936-272 (PIC) is as follows: Documents must be consulted under close supervision for conservation reasons.
Graphic (art)
99: Closed pending processing
Artistic material: Access restrictions f
or accession 1990-475 (DAP) to be determined. There are no restrictions on access for accessions 1971-039 (PIC) and 1951-566 (PIC).
Cartographic material
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
from 50133 to 50135
from 50139 to 50140
from 50144 to 50149
from 55027 to 55030
from 55032 to 55033
from 55125 to 55127
from 55028.1 to 55031.1
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
SC 0327
90: Open
Graphic (art)
99: Closed pending processing
A080-01 Item no. assigned by LAC 4 -- 5
99: Closed pending processing
Graphic (art)
99: Closed pending processing
A080-01 Item no. assigned by LAC 1
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Photographs: No restrictions on use. Copyright expired. Credit: Name of photographer / National Archives of Canada / Copy negative number.
Artistic material: No restrictions on use. Copyright varies. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Cartographic material: No restrictions on access or reproduction. Credit Library and Archives Canada.

Textual records The finding aid consists of lists of correspondents in volume 1 to 54; of the titles of memoranda and notes in volumes 93 to 103; of the printed material in volumes 104 to volume 126; and of the additional material in volumes 132 and 133. MSS0075 90 (Electronic)

Photographs: The finding aid is a list of portfolios, photographs and location of records, located in three bound volumes. Voume 1 is indexed by location, Volume 2 indexed by portfolio, and Volume 3 indexed by photographer. FA057 is located in the National Archives of Canada Reference Room, with copies in the Photography A&R. FA057 (Paper)

Photographs: Finding aid is a guide to the collection of 19th century photographs from the Sandford Fleming fonds, specifically photographs originally accessioned as 1936-272 (PIC), and is located in the Photography accession file. The guide, entitled "The One-Eyed Devil", was written by Martha Phemister. (Paper)

Photographs: Refer to MINISIS for item-level descriptions. (Electronic)

Artistic material: Refer to MINISIS for item-level descriptions. (Electronic)

Artistic material: Description of Sir Sandford Fleming located in Art Division accession file. (Paper)

Cartographic material: Please consult lower level descriptions. 87802/241. 90 (Other)

Biography / Administrative history

Sir Sandford Fleming emigrated from Scotland in 1845 and completed his engineering education in Canada. By 1857 he was engineer-in-chief of the Ontario Northern Railway. In 1863 the Canadian government appointed him chief surveyor of a proposed route for the intercolonial railway linking the Canadas to the Maritime colonies. He subsequently became chief engineer of the Intercolonial. In 1871 the Canadian Pacific Railway Company chose Fleming to direct the construction of the transcontinental railway.

As a distinguished scientist, he was the prime advocate of the adoption of an international system of standard time and wrote many scientific monographs. He also worked privately for the cause of imperial unity, and designed the first Canadian postage stamp. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 1985 p. 648.

Additional information

The textual documents in volumes 1 to 132 were transferred in 1915 by the heirs of Sir Sandford Fleming. Documents in volume 133 were acquired from various sources.

Portrait of Sir Sandford Fleming (1951-566 (PIC)) was donated by G.E.A. Chapman, Rockliffe, Ont. Miscellaneous photographs and art items were donated by Sandford Fleming, the Estate of Sir Sandford Fleming and Charles Sandford Fleming between 1915 and 1989.

Some documents were removed from volume 80 and 83 and placed in volume 148 for conservation purposes.

Related materials
Refer to RG 37 "D" Series, Volume 333, File 1919-92 for information concerning the Fleming Estate including manuscripts, plans, and photos relating to railway development in Canada.

Location of originals note
Originals of photocopied material (transcripts of diaries) in the possession of Grace Reinhard of Peterborough, Ont.

Exhibitions note
Exhibition Title: Treasured Memories: 125th Anniversary of the National Archives. Curator: Martin Tétreault, National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1997.05.14-1998.01. (MG 29 B1 Vol. 83, Diary Intercolonial Survey, 1863)
Exhibition Title: Standford Fleming Exhibition. Curator: The Peterborough Historical Society Hutchison House, A Living History Museum, Peterborough, Ontario; 1991.03.25-1991.09. (MG 29 B1 Vol. 80 and 87; Dairies 1845 and 1849)

Subject heading

1. Western Canada Cement Company.
2. Royal Canadian Institute.
3. Ontario Northern Railway.
4. Intercolonial Railway Company.
5. Canadian National Railways.
6. Railroads Surveying.
7. Transportation Canada.
8. Businessmen Canada.
9. Railroad engineers correspondence.
10. Time measurements.
11. Transport Canada .
12. Chemins de fer Arpentage.
13. Telegraph, Wireless.
14. Télégraphie sans fil.
15. Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.)
16. Presbyterian Church in Canada.
17. Railroad engineers Canada.
18. Ingénieurs ferroviaires Canada.
19. Temps Mesure .
20. Chemins de fer nationaux du Canada.
21. Railroad engineers diaries.
22. Ingénieurs ferroviaires journaux.
23. Telegraph lines design and construction.
24. Ingénieurs ferroviaires conception et la construction.
25. Railroad engineers addresses.
26. Railroad engineers notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.
27. Ingénieurs ferroviaires addresses.
28. Ingénieurs ferroviaires cahiers, carnets, etc.
29. Businessmen Political activity Canada.
30. Hommes d'affaires Activité politique Canada .
31. Hommes d'affaires Canada.
32. Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson.
33. Hudson's Bay Company.
34. Canadian Pacific Railway Company.


Other system control no.

Related control no.

1. 1928-001 NPC
2. 1936-272 PIC
3. 1939-146 NPC
4. 1951-566 PIC
5. 1971-039 PIC
6. 1974-219 NPC
7. 1989-101 DAP
8. 1990-475 DAP
9. 118-080171-7