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Description found in Archives

Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava fonds [textual record (chiefly microform), graphic material, architectural drawing]. 

Date(s)

1839-1899

Place of creation

Canada

2.3 m of textual records.
16 microfilm reels : negative and positive.
18 prints 4 wood engravings, 14 reproductions.
31 drawings pencil, charcoal, pen and ink over pencil.
7 watercolours watercolour over pencil and grey wash and white opaque
232 photographs b&w.
410 autographs : manuscripts (illuminated and non-illuminated).

Scope and content

Fonds consists of selected private papers of Lord Dufferin, Governor General of Canada consisting of correspondence with the colonial secretaries, the Canadian prime ministers, general and family correspondence of Lord and Lady Dufferin, their children and Frederick Rowan Hamilton, addresses concerning the Red River Rebellion, 1873 and 1875, and Dufferin's departure from Canada, 1878; documents relating to British Columbia, the "Pacific Scandal", the Letellier case, Louis Riel, the preservation of the walls of Quebec City, the curling rink at Rideau Hall, the official and social functions of Lord Dufferin and other matters. This material is available on microfilm reels A-406 to A-421. The fonds contains prints of proposed improvements to the gates and walls of Quebec; and an album of drawings and plans with an inscription from Lord Dufferin containing proposed improvements for gates including Kent Gate and St. Louis Gate, including reproductions copied from original drawings at the Public Records Office, Northern Ireland. There is an album of drawings by the Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, consisting mainly of portraits of females and several outdoor views in England and Canada. The fonds also contains a 3-volume collection of 410 addresses or petitions presented to His Excellency the Right Honourable the Earl of Dufferin, while governor general of Canada from 1872-1878. In the Addresses are expresses the sentiments of Canadians during Dufferin's tenure. Represented are provinces, municipalities, communities, societies, associations, universities, schools, etc., from all parts of the country. The collection is detailed as follows: 171 addresses with script only, no illumination; 184 addresses with some illumination, script set with a pre-printed border; 47 addresses with considerable illumination, with vignettes and hand-decorated border; 8 addresses with elaborate illumination and decoration. The fonds includes watercolours of Nanaimo and Metlah Catlah, B. C. and of Indians who welcomed the Dufferins during their tour of British Columbia in 1876. Works by the Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava (1843-1936). In addition, there is an album of photographs documenting the stay of the Earl and Countess of Dufferin in Canada during his tenure as Governor-General, including visits to the United States in 1874 and to British Columbia in 1876; social activities at Rideau Hall, Ottawa, Ont.; views of Quebec, Montreal, Sherbrooke, Quebec; Ottawa, Niagara Falls, Fort William, Ont., Winnipeg, Man., Victoria, B.C.; and portraits of members of the Dufferin family. Photographs are by Topley, Notman, Frederick Dally, and other photographers.

Architectural: technical drawings
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-410
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-419
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-418
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-416
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-415
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-406
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-414
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-409
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-407
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-408
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-411
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-413
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-420
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-417
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-412
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Microfilm reel A-421
90: Open
Textual records: microform
Copy negative C-051647
90: Open
Textual records
90: Open
Volume
from 1 to 16
90: Open
Textual records: microform
90: Open
Microfilm reel
from A-406 to A-421
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
Box
A512 Item no. assigned by LAC 1 -- 9
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
Box
A565
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
Box
BK-227
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Box
05841
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Graphic material: No restrictions. Copyright expired. Crown copyright on reproductions. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Photographs: Copyright expired.

Textual records The Finding Aid No. 127 consists of a general description of the contents of each microfilm reel including dates and extent, as well as a file list giving dates and extent of all original and photocopied documents. MSS0127 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001346.pdf

Many of the artworks are described at the item-level in MINISIS-ICON. (Electronic)

Many of the photographs are described at the item-level in MINISIS-DAPDCAP. (Electronic)

Additional name(s)

Biography / Administrative history

A member of the House of Lords and lord-in-waiting to Queen Victoria, Lord Dufferin became a diplomatic attaché during the Vienna Conference following the Crimean War. After numerous diplomatic postings, he entered William Gladstone's government as chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In June 1872, Lord Dufferin was appointed governor general of Canada, a position which he retained until November of 1878. In 1876, he made plans to preserve the wall of Quebec. Until his retirement from public life in 1895, he was in turn the British ambassador at St. Petersburg, administrator of Egypt, viceroy of India (1884-1888), ambassador to Rome and ambassador to Paris.

Additional information

The microfilms were photocopied in 1978 by the National Archives of Canada (volumes 2-12).

Originals and photocopies (vol. 1) were obtained from various sources: the Ottawa Historical Society in 1968 (file 11), Joan Enders in 1972, 1975 and 1978 (files 1-4, 9), W. Myers in 1978 (file 2), Olive Boswell in 1979 (file 6), Guy Smith in 1982 (file 5) and copies from the P.R.O. of Northern Ireland in 1959 (files 7-8) and in 1988 (files 12-24).

Art material: Note that all items in the three volumes of addresses have been captured electronically and e-copy numbers assigned. The originals, due to fragility and weight, should only be consulted under special conditions.

Custodial history
Acquired primarily from the family descendants via an English agent.

Availability of other formats note
All items in Acc. No. 1992-651X are photographed.

Location of originals note
Portions of the Dufferin Papers relating to Canada were microfilmed in 1959 from originals in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (reels A-406 to A-421).

Subject heading

1. Governors general - Canada, 1861-1899, 1939 Red River Rebellion, 1873, 1875.
2. Canada. Parliament, 1839, 1861-1899 Louis David Riel, 1868-1879.
3. Prince Edward Island - History, 1839, 1868-1879 Quebec City (Que.), 1875.
4. Canada - History - Rebellions, 1873, 1875 Earl of Kimberley, 1872-1874.
5. Prime Ministers - Canada - Correspondence, 1861-1899 Henry Howard Molyneux, Earl of Carnarvon, 1872-1878.
6. Red River Rebellion, 1869-1870 Michael Edward Hicks-Beach, Earl of St. Aldwyn, 1878-1879.
7. Sir John A. Macdonald, 1872-1879.
8. Alexander Mackenzie, 1873-1878.
9. Sir W.C. Francis Robinson, 1872-1873.
10. Sir Hector Louis Langevin, 1872-1873.
11. Frederick Rowan Hamilton, 1872-1874.
12. Canadian Pacific Railway, 1868-1879.
13. Prince Edward Island, 1868-1879.
14. Edward Palliser, 1861-1899.
15. John Palliser, 1861-1899.
16. Charles Dickens, 1861-1899.
17. Quebec Ladies Lawn Tennis Club, 1861-1899.
18. Château St-Louis (Quebec, Quebec), 1875.
19. "Scribner's", 1877.
20. John Cabot, 1877.
21. Rideau Hall (Ottawa, Ont.)

Private

Other system control no.

Related control no.

1. 1954-173 NPC
2. 1959-091 PIC
3. 1969-195 NPC
4. 1978-048 PIC
5. 1978-049 PIC
6. 1992-651 X DAP
7. 120-080239-X