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Series consists of records created to document the administration of special restrictions on the immigration of persons defined as "Asiatics" or "Asians" in the period from about 1908 to 1967. The records include case files and a register of immigrants entering Canada during the years 1951 to 1967 from three "Asiatic" countries under special quota agreements of countries of origin. Between 1907 and 1967, prospective immigrants to Canada classed as "Asiatics" or "Asians" were subjected to special restrictions under a series of federal Orders in Council, as well as to less formal barriers in administrative practice. These controls were separate and distinct from these placed on "Chinese" immigrants under the Chinese Immigration Act of 1885-1947, documented in the Chinese immigration records series, (RG76-D-2, MIKAN 134842). Nationalities and ethnic groups considered as "Asiatics" included at one time or other the Japanese, ethnic East Indians (from the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Africa and elsewhere), Pakistanis, Ceylonese, Lebanese, Syrians, Arabs, Iranians, Filipinos, and certain other inhabitants of East Asia and the Middle East. The stringent controls and restrictions placed on the Japanese in Canada in World War II were not primarily Immigration measures, and records relating to them are found elsewhere. But all the groups named were subject to restrictions on their right to immigrate to Canada (and in some respects on their personal rights and freedoms once in the country), in the period from the first Orders in Council (O.C.P.C.s 27, 662, 919, 932, 1255, 8 January, 27 March, 27 May and 3 June, 1908) to the passing of the Canadian Bill of Rights in 1960. The discriminatory Orders in Council were not definitively rescinded until 1967, when the Immigration Regulations embodying the "point system" of immigrant selection were finally passed.
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