Skip navigation links (access key: Z)Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives CanadaSymbol of the Government of Canada
Français - Version française de cette pageHome - The main page of the Institution's websiteContact Us - Institutional contact informationHelp - Information about using the institutional websiteSearch - Search the institutional websitecanada.gc.ca - Government of Canada website

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Banner: The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement
IntroductionExplore the Communities
 

Section title: Mi'kmaq
Introduction |  History |  Daily Life |  Culture | References


Culture

Language

Mi'kmaq is part of the Algonkian language family. This is a type of language spoken by many different Aboriginal peoples in the east and some in the west. The Mi'kmaq also called themselves Elnu, meaning "the people".

Religion

Mi'kmaq spiritual leaders were called "puoin". This name comes from the same root word that we get the word powwow from. These puoin could heal the sick by using certain plants. They also acquired guardian spirits to help them in their healing. The beliefs of the Mi'kmaq were similar to other Algonquin societies in that they used the sweat lodge. The Mi'kmaq also believed that all living things -- plants, animals and humans -- had a spirit, so they treated all forms of life with respect.

Some Mi'kmaq people became Christians. In about 1610 the Mi'kmaq sagamore (or chief) Membertoo, became the first Mi'kmaq Roman Catholic. This resulted in a long relationship between the Mi'kmaq and the Catholic Church that continues to this day.

Next


Proactive Disclosure