John A. Macdonald had boasted: "A British subject I was born. A British subject I will die." In 1897, Wilfrid Laurier attended Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in London as the proud leader of the British Empire's first dominion. Gradually, however, Canada became independent of Britain. In 1947, when Canadian citizenship was introduced, Mackenzie King, who had steered Canada to greater autonomy, received the first citizenship certificate.